Violent acts, piracy, robbery and others Both the P&I and Hull and Machinery covers may be involved and contact should therefore be made with the Company, the P&I insurer and the Hull and Machinery insurer. 3.18.

Violent acts, piracy, robbery and others

Mariner

Violent acts, piracy, robbery and others

Both the P&I and Hull and Machinery covers may be involved and contact should therefore be made with the Company, the P&I insurer and the Hull and Machinery insurer.

3.18.1 General advice

Attacks may range from piracy attacks to theft of cargo to pilferage, each requiring a different response. The Company should ensure that issues related to violent acts, piracy, robbery and other similar incidents are covered within the Company Security Plan and the vessel’s Ship Security Plan (SSP) under the ISPS Code. The SSP, which will provide further guidance on how to respond, should be referred to in the event of this type of incident.

3.18.2 do not risk life defending property!

In this type of situations it will be of considerable assistance if the Master, his officers and crew have been advised and trained by security experts on how to act and react during any attack.

Under no circumstance must any person on board put his own life or that of any of the crew members at risk defending property or attempting to resist violence!

3.18.3 reporting

3.18.3.1 General

In any such instances the Master should, in accordance with the vessel’s SSP, immediately inform the Company, the P&I insurer and local correspondent and request assistance. If the vessel is in port or at anchor, the Master should also inform the competent local authority such as the Port Facility Security Officer (PFSO) and call for help.

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3.18 Violent acts, piracy, robbery and others

3.18.3.2 Use of radio signals by vessels under attack

To keep the risk to each crew member’s personal safety to a minimum, the following advice on the use of radio signals should be followed, subject to procedures as laid down in the vessel’s SSP.

3.18.3.3 Pirates detected prior to boarding the vessel

Provided the vessel has not been ordered by the pirates to maintain radio silence, contact should immediately be made with other vessels in the vicinity, authorities ashore and the Piracy Reporting

Centre (PRC) by sending a “Piracy/armed robbery attack” message. The PRC is based in Kuala Lumpur and can be contacted on a 24 hour basis.

Anti piracy helpline numbers:

Telephone +60 3 201 0014 Telefax +60 3 238 5769 email ccskl@imbkl.po.my

If the report is to be made in writing the Piracy and Maritime Violence Incidence Report in Annex 9 of this publication should be used and sent to

IMB Piracy Reporting Centre

International Maritime Bureau

PO Box 12599, 50782 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

3.18.3.4 Pirates boarded unnoticed

When pirates have boarded the vessel unnoticed and the vessel is ordered to maintain radio silence, non-compliance can result in physical violence or even death. Any such order must, therefore, be strictly complied with, particularly as the pirates may carry radio/ satellite detection equipment. After the attack, the Master should report the attack to the PRC.

3.18 Violent acts, piracy, robbery and others

3.18.4 evidence to be collected

If an attack has taken place the following evidence should be collected

  • date, vessel’s time and UTC (Co-ordinated Universal Time) the attack occurred
  • the vessel’s position/location at the time of the attack
  • prevailing weather and visibility at the time of the attack (keep any weather records)
  • draught and freeboard of the vessel at time of the attack
  • if underway, the course and speed of the vessel
  • precautions taken to prevent attacks
  • type of attack
  • number of persons involved in the attack
  • description of attackers
  • description of attackers’ vessels
  • how attackers gained access to the vessel
  • whether the attackers gained access to the accommodation
  • whether threats were made by the attackers and against whom
  • whether attackers were armed and with what
  • whether attackers used violence against any persons
  • names of crew members and other persons on board injured in the attack
  • type of injuries suffered
  • damage caused by the attackers, e.g. to container doors or the vessel’s safe, including photographs thereof
  • items stolen
  • whether attackers communicated with other persons not on board the vessel, if so with whom
  • which languages were spoken by the attackers
  • names, ranks, duties and exact location of persons on the bridge at the time of the attack
  • names, ranks, duties and exact location of any eye witnesses
  • statements from eye witnesses
  • other observations made by crew or persons prior the incident.
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