GMDSS Q: What equipment do you have onboard for GMDSS? A: 1. SART. EPIRB.VHF with DSC ch 70.VHF with ch 16.NAVTEX.INMARSAT.MF/HF.NBDP.Two way Radio telephone. Q: What check would you carry out on GMDSS equipment?



Q: What equipment do you have onboard for GMDSS?

A: 1. SART.

  • EPIRB.
  • VHF with DSC ch 70.
  • VHF with ch 16.
  • MF/HF.
  • NBDP.
  • Two way Radio telephone.

Q: What check would you carry out on GMDSS equipment?

A: Daily- Printer,


Power on/off, Battery power supply,

DSC internal,

VHF, MF/HF without radiation.

Weekly- DSC external-UK 2187.5 khz

MF/HF - routine - Channel assign on ALRS Vol-1


VHF- Hand Held Rx/Tx channel other than ch-16.

Two-way Radio internal

Emergency Generator.

Monthly- EPIRB- Physical test, HRU, Battery date (max cont. opp.

hour-48), Lanyard, readily excessable to life

boat/survival craft.

SART- Physical test in conjunction with 3cm radar, 9.4

Ghz., Battery date ( 96 hrs stby mode, 8 hrs Tx


Emergence battery power supply.- s. gravity, E/lite level,

terminal clean.


Q: What is MAIB?


Operates independently of MSA, investigates

  • Accident at sea and onboard ships
  • Dangerous occurrences at sea,

Aim -Determining what caused an accident in order to prevent it from happening again.

- Publishes reports on accidents with recommendations and lessons to be learned.

Duties - defined in the MS regulations 1994.

- Employs a staff of professional and support staff (Inspectors)

The Inspectors

Professional inspector are come from 3 Marine disciplines 1. Nautical. 2. Engineer. 3. Naval architecture. Others from recent seagoing or specialist knowledge. Inspectors are available to travel at short notice to wherever a ship has been involved in an accident.


  • Administrative Inquiry: for less serious cases where enquires are made by correspondence or telephone, without need for visits
  • Inspector’s Investigation: for more serious case where witness are interviewed and ship is visited where that is feasible; and
  • Inspector’s Inquiry: called by Chief Inspector of Marine Accidents in the cases of major accident. This is a very comprehensive investigations, usually carried out by a team of MAIB inspector.

Q: Define the Accident, Major and Serious Injury, Dangerous Occurrence, and Hazardous Incident?

A: An accident is an undesired event results in personal injury, damage or loss. Accidents include:

- Loss of life or major injury to a person on board or when a person is lost from a vessel;

- The actual or presumed loss of a vessel, its abandonment or material damage to it;

- Stranding or collision;

- disablement and also material damage caused by a vessel.

A major injury means:

- any fracture, other than to the fingers or toes;

- any loss of limb or part of a limb;

- dislocation of the shoulder, hip, knee or spine;

- loss of sight;

- penetrating injury to the eye;

- any other injury leading to hypothermia or to unconsciousness, or requiring resuscitation, or requiring admittance to hospital or to an off-shore sick-bay for more then 24 hours, or if at sea requiring confinement to bed for more than 24 hours.

A serious injury means:

- any injury, other than a major injury, to a person employed or carried in a UK vessel which occurs on board or during access which results in incapacity for more than three consecutive days of the accident; or

- as a result of which the person concerned is put ashore and the vessel sails without him or her, unless the incapacity is known or advised to be of three consecutive days or less, excluding the day of the accident.

A dangerous occurrence

is an incident which might have been liable, taking into account the circumstance, to cause serious injury or to cause damage to the health of any person, and includes:

- any person falling overboard;

- any fire or explosion;

- the collapse or bursting of any pressure vessel, pipeline or valve or the accidental ignition of anything in a pipeline;

-the collapse or failure of any lifting equipment, access equipment, hatch-cover, staging or bosun’s chair or any associated load bearing parts;

- the uncontrolled release or escape of any harmful substance or agent;

- any collapse of cargo, unintended movement of cargo sufficient to cause a list, or loss of cargo overboard;

- any snagging of fishing gear which results in the vessel heeling to a dangerous angle;

- the parting of tow-rope;

- any contact by a person with loose asbestos fibre except when full protective clothing is worn.

A hazardous incident

is any incident or event, not being an accident or a dangerous occurrence, by which the safety of ship or any person is imperilled, or as a result of which serious damage to any ship or structure or damage to the environment might be caused.

Q: Reporting of Accidents

A: Accidents must be reported as soon as possible, by the quickest means available. This can be direct to the MAIB by telephone, fax, telex or e-mail, or to any Maritime Safety Agency (MSA) Marine Office or by VHF to HM Coastguard.

Serious injuries and dangerous occurrences must be reported within 14 days, or within 14 days after arrival at the next port if the vessel is at sea at the time of the occurrence.

These reporting requirements apply to merchant and fishing vessels, and sport or pleasure vessels when used commercially. However, other leisure craft skippers or crews may report accidents to the MAIB if they so wish.

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