SALVAGE Q: Engine break down in mid-Atlantic. TRS expected, One Ship offers assistance but not on LOF. Demands its own condition, What will you do ?



Q: Engine break down in mid-Atlantic. TRS expected, One Ship offers assistance but not on LOF. Demands its own condition, What will you do ?

A: As the safety of my crew is prime, I will took his terms and condition under protest which will be monitored by coast radio station and make a OLB entry, This was to protest owner’s interest.

Q: What is the general rule, when v/l in danger, about seeking advice instructions from owners ?

A: Always to seek the advice and instructions of the owners, but only if time allows. I should immediately call for assistance from any available source if I think it necessary for the safety of my ship, crew, passengers and cargo.

Q: When several ships of different types and size offer their services, What assistance would you accept?

A: The assistance that seems the most reasonable, taking into account the value of the assisting ships, their ability to perform the salvage services and the amount of their deviation from their intended routes.

Q: Under salvage condition, What consideration should be uppermost in your mind, in addition to any threat to life, your ship or the cargo ?

A: The necessity to avoid or reduce the risk of pollution, i.e. harm to the environment.

Q: In deciding weather to accept salvage assistance, what circumstances would you take account of ?

A:1) Safety of personnel. 2) Proximity to the shore or shoal water

3) Weather and sea conditions 4) Current and tide

5) Nature of sea bed and shore line 6) Potential for safe anchoring

7) Availability of assistance. 8) Damage already sustained by ship.

9) Risk of further damage to ship.

10) Prospect of maintaining communications.

  • Threat of pollution and
  • Manpower and material requirements.

Q: If a v/l is in danger, are you, as Master of a nearby ship, under any obligation to save the v/l itself ?

A: No. Shipmasters are under a statutory obligation to save human life only, and to prevent harm to marine environment. The first priority is to decide how to save lives onboard, and then think about protecting the marine environment and finally about saving the ship if circumstances permit.

Q: What would be you considerations as Master before offering a tow ?

A: A v/l requiring a tow is not necessarily in distress. I would therefore carefully consider:

  • Weather the contract of carriage gives my vessel liberty to tow.
  • Weather I have sufficient reserve ( fuel, water, provision ) throughout and after tow.
  • Weather there is a possibility of missing a cancelling date under the charter party.
  • Weather the nature of my cargo permit.
  • Machinery is of adequate power and in good enough condition for towing.
  • Weather the value of v/l requesting tow, plus her cargo, is likely to be sufficient value to merit a salvage service by my ship.

Q: Having agreed in principal to giving another v/l a tow, What would be your considerations as Master?

A: 1) Has an agreed to salvage under LOF 95 terms bee made ?

  • Has a port of destination / place of safety been agreed ?
  • Have I notified by owners and charter’s so that additional hull insurance can be arranged if necessary ?
  • Are proper records of all events and circumstances to date being kept.

Q: What are the difference between the old OLF and LOF 95

A: On new LOF, the claming percentage for salvage have changed from 30% to 100%.

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