Q: International Safety Management Code.

A: Definition:

ISM means the International Safety Management Code for the safe operation of Ships and Pollution Prevention.


  • To ensure safety at sea, prevention of human injury or loss of life and avoidance of damage to the environment.
  • Provide for safe practices in ship operation and safe working environment.
  • Establish safeguards against all identified risks.


  • Policy: company have to develop a policy for safety and environment protection policy.
  • Procedure: Company to establish procedure to ensure safe operation of ships and protection.
  • Designated person: Person ashore having direct access to the highest level of management.
  • Master Responsibility and Authority:
  • Resource and Personnel:
  • Shipboard operations: Company should established procedures for the preparation of plans and instructions for key shipboard operations concerning the safety of the ship and prevention of pollution.
  • Emergency preparedness: Company should established procedures to identify, describe and respond to potential emergency shipboard situations, and programmes for drills and exercises.
  • Non-Conformities & Reportings: When any work goes out of plan. Company should establish procedures for the implementation of corrective action.
  • Maintenance of the ship and equipment: Company should ensure inspection held, any Non-Conformity is reported, appropriate corrective action taken and all activities recorded.
  • Documentation’s: Company should establish and maintain procedures to control all documents and data which are relevant to SMS.
  • Internal audit: Company should carryout internal audit to verify all policy implemented.
  • External audit: To verify company and ship are working as per SMS.
  • Certification: Safety Management Certificate to be given to a ship after audit.
  • Implementing the safety and environmental protection policy of the company.
  • Motivating the crew in the observation of that policy.
  • Issuing appropriate order and instruction in a clear and simple manner.
  • Verifying specific requirements are observed and
  • Receiving the SMS and reporting its deficiencies to the shore based management.
  • Company should ensure master properly qualified and fully conversant with company’s SMS.
  • Company should ensure each ship is manned with qualified, Certificated and medically fit seafarers and given proper familiarisation with their duties.
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