MSC.1-Circ.1175 - Guidance On Shipboard Towing And Mooring Equipment (Secretariat)

MSC/Circ.1175 24 May 2005

GUIDANCE ON SHIPBOARD TOWING AND MOORING EQUIPMENT
1 The Maritime Safety Committee, at its eightieth session (11 to 20 May 2005), following the recommendations made by the Sub-Committee on Ship Design and Equipment at its forty-eighth session, approved guidance concerning shipboard equipment, fittings and supporting hull structures associated with towing and mooring, as set out in the annex, with a view to ensuring a uniform approach towards the application of the provisions of SOLAS regulation II-1/3-8, which is expected to become effective on 1 January 2007.
2 Member Governments are invited to use the annexed guidance when applying SOLAS regulation II-1/3-8, and to bring it to the attention of all parties concerned.
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MSC/Circ.1175
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ANNEX
SHIPBOARD EQUIPMENT, FITTINGS AND SUPPORTING HULL STRUCTURES ASSOCIATED WITH TOWING AND MOORING
1 Application
1.1 Under regulation II-1/3-8 of the 1974 SOLAS Convention, as adopted by resolution MSC.194(80) in 2005, new displacement type ships, except high-speed craft and offshore units, shall be provided with arrangements, equipment and fittings of sufficient safe working load to enable the safe conduct of all towing and mooring operations associated with the normal operations of the ship. The arrangements, equipment and fittings shall meet the appropriate requirements of the Administration or an organization recognized by the Administration.
1.2 This circular is intended to provide standards for the design and construction of shipboard fittings and supporting hull structures associated with towing and mooring, which Administrations are recommended to implement. The provisions of this guidance do not require tow lines nor mandate standards for mooring lines onboard the ship.
1.3 Equipment that is used for both towing and mooring should be in accordance with sections 3 and 4.
2 Definitions
For the purpose of this guidance:
2.1 Shipboard fittings mean bollards and bitts, fairleads, stand rollers and chocks used for the normal mooring of the ship and similar components used for the normal towing of the ship. Other components such as capstans, winches, etc. are not covered by this guidance. Any weld, bolt or other fastening connecting the shipboard fitting to the supporting hull structure is part of the shipboard fitting and subject to any industry standard applicable to such fitting.
2.2 Supporting hull structure means that part of the ship structure on/in which the shipboard fitting is placed and which is directly submitted to the forces exerted on the shipboard fitting. The hull structure supporting capstans, winches, etc. used for the normal towing and mooring operations mentioned above should also be subject to this guidance.
2.3 Industry standard means international or national standards which are recognized in the country where the ship is built, subject to the approval of the Administration.
3 Towing fittings
3.1 Strength
The strength of shipboard fittings used for normal towing operations and their supporting hull structures should comply with the provisions of 3.2 to 3.6.
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3.2 Arrangements
Shipboard fittings for towing should be located on longitudinals, beams and/or girders, which are part of the deck construction so as to facilitate efficient distribution of the towing load. Other equivalent arrangements may be accepted (for Panama chocks, etc.).
3.3 Load considerations
3.3.1 The design load used for normal towing operations (e.g. harbour/manoeuvring) should be 1.25 times the intended maximum towing load (e.g. static bollard pull) as indicated on the towing and mooring arrangements plan. The design load should be applied through the tow line according to the arrangement shown on the towing and mooring arrangements plan.
3.3.2 For other towage service (e.g. escort), the design load used for each fitting should be the nominal breaking strength of the tow line defined in table 1 based on the equipment number (EN) described in the appendix. The design load should be applied through the tow line according to the arrangement shown on the towing and mooring arrangements plan.
3.3.3 The method of application of the design load to the fittings and supporting hull structure should be taken into account such that the total load need not be more than twice the design load specified in 3.3.1 or 3.3.2, i.e. no more than one turn of one line (see figure below).
3.4 Shipboard fittings
The selection of shipboard fittings should be made by the shipyard in accordance with industry standards (e.g. ISO 3913:1977 Shipbuilding-Welded steel bollards) accepted by the Administration. When the shipboard fitting is not selected from an accepted industry standard, the design load used to assess its strength and its attachment to the ship should be in accordance with 3.3 above.
3.5 Supporting hull structure
Arrangement
3.5.1 The arrangement of the reinforced members (carling) beneath shipboard fittings should consider any variation of direction (laterally and vertically) of the towing forces (which should be not less than the design load as per 3.3) acting through the arrangement of connection to the shipboard fittings.
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Acting point of towing force
3.5.2 The acting point of the towing force on shipboard fittings should be taken at the attachment point of a towing line or at a change in its direction.
Allowable stresses
3.5.3 Allowable bending stress: 100% of the specified yield point for the material used; allowable shearing stress: 60% of the specified yield point for the material used; no stress concentration factors being taken into account.
3.6 Safe working load (SWL)
3.6.1 The SWL used for normal towing operations (harbour/manoeuvring) should not exceed 80% of the design load as given in 3.3.1 and the SWL used for other towing operations (e.g. escort) should not exceed the design load as given in 3.3.2. For fittings used for both harbour and escort purposes, the greater of the design loads of 3.3.1 and 3.3.2 should be used.
3.6.2 The SWL of each shipboard fitting should be marked (by weld bead or equivalent) on the deck fittings used for towing.
3.6.3 The above provisions on SWL apply for a single post basis (no more than one turn of one line).
3.6.4 The towing and mooring arrangements plan described in section 5 should define the method of use of towing lines.
4 Mooring fittings
4.1 Strength
The strength of shipboard fittings used for mooring operations and their supporting hull structures should comply with the provisions of 4.2 to 4.6.
4.2 Arrangements
Shipboard fittings for mooring should be located on longitudinals, beams and/or girders, which are part of the deck construction so as to facilitate efficient distribution of the mooring load. Other equivalent arrangements may be accepted (for Panama chocks, etc.).
4.3 Load considerations
4.3.1 The design load applied to shipboard fittings and supporting hull structures should be 1.25 times the breaking strength of the mooring line provided in accordance with table 1 based on the equipment number (EN) described in the appendix. The design load should be applied through the mooring line according to the arrangement shown on the towing and mooring arrangements plan.
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4.3.2 The design load applied to supporting hull structures for winches, etc. should be 1.25 times the breaking strength of the mooring line according to 4.3.1 above and, for capstans, 1.25 times the maximum hauling-in force. The design load should be applied through the mooring line according to the arrangement shown on the towing and mooring arrangements plan.
4.3.3 The method of application of the design load to the fittings and supporting hull structure should be taken into account such that the total load need not be more than twice the design load specified in 4.3.1, i.e. no more than one turn of one line.
4.4 Shipboard fittings
The selection of shipboard fittings should be made by the shipyard in accordance with industry standards (e.g. ISO 3913:1977 Shipbuilding-Welded steel bollards) accepted by the Administration. When the shipboard fitting is not selected from an accepted industry standard, the fittings should be equivalent to a recognized industry standard in compliance with the design load as per 4.3.
4.5 Supporting hull structure
Arrangement
4.5.1 The arrangement of the reinforced members (carling) beneath shipboard fittings should consider any variation of direction (laterally and vertically) of the mooring forces (which should be not less than the design load given in 4.3) acting through the arrangement of connection to the shipboard fittings.
Acting point of mooring force
4.5.2 The acting point of the mooring force on shipboard fittings should be taken at the attachment point of a mooring line or at a change in its direction.
Allowable stresses
4.5.3 Allowable bending stress: 100% of the specified yield point for the material used; allowable shearing stress: 60% of the specified yield point for the material used; no stress concentration factors being taken into account.
4.6 Safe working load (SWL)
4.6.1 The SWL should not exceed 80% of the design load given in 4.3.
4.6.2 The SWL of each shipboard fitting should be marked (by weld bead or equivalent) on the deck fittings used for mooring.
4.6.3 The above provisions on SWL apply for a single post basis (no more than one turn of one line).
4.6.4 The towing and mooring arrangements plan described in section 5 should define the method of use of mooring lines.
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5 Towing and mooring arrangements plan
5.1 The SWL for the intended use for each shipboard fitting should be noted in the towing and mooring arrangements plan available on board for the guidance of the Master.
5.2 Information provided on the plan should include in respect of each shipboard fitting:
.1 location on the ship;
.2 fitting type;
.3 SWL;
.4 purpose (mooring/harbour towing/escort towing); and
.5 method of applying load of towing or mooring line including limiting fleet angles.
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Table 1
MOORING AND TOW LINES
EQUIPMENT NUMBER MOORING LINES TOW LINE* Exceeding Not exceeding Minimum breaking strength (kN) Breaking strength (kN) 1 2 3 4 50 70 34 98 70 90 37 98 90 110 39 98 110 130 44 98 130 150 49 98 150 175 54 98 175 205 59 112 205 240 64 129 240 280 69 150 280 320 74 174 320 360 78 207 360 400 88 224 400 450 98 250 450 500 108 277 500 550 123 306 550 600 132 338 600 660 147 370 660 720 157 406 720 780 172 441 780 840 186 479 840 910 201 518 910 980 216 559 980 1060 230 603 1060 1140 250 647 1140 1220 270 691 1220 1300 284 738 1300 1390 309 786 1390 1480 324 836 1480 1570 324 888 1570 1670 333 941 1670 1790 353 1024 1790 1930 378 1109 1930 2080 402 1168 2080 2230 422 1259 2230 2380 451 1356 2380 2530 480 1453 2530 2700 480 1471 2700 2870 490 1471 2870 3040 500 1471 3040 3210 520 1471 3210 3400 554 1471
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EQUIPMENT NUMBER MOORING LINES TOW LINE* Exceeding Not exceeding Minimum breaking strength (kN) Breaking strength (kN) 1 2 3 4 3400 3600 588 1471 3600 3800 618 1471 3800 4000 647 1471 4000 4200 647 1471 4200 4400 657 1471 4400 4600 667 1471 4600 4800 677 1471 4800 5000 686 1471 5000 5200 686 1471 5200 5500 696 1471 5500 5800 706 1471 5800 6100 706 1471 6100 6500 716 6500 6900 726 6900 7400 726 7400 7900 726 7900 8400 736 8400 8900 736 8900 9400 736 9400 10000 736 10000 10700 736 10700 11500 736 11500 12400 736 12400 13400 736 13400 14600 736 14600 16000 736
* Information is provided in relation to 3.3.2 and provision onboard of such a line is not necessary under this guidance.
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APPENDIX
EQUIPMENT NUMBER
The equipment number (EN) should be calculated as follows: EN = ∆ 2/3 + 2.0hB + A 10 where:
∆ = moulded displacement, in tonnes, to the Summer Load Waterline
B = moulded breadth, in metres
h = effective height, in metres, from the Summer Load Waterline to the top of the uppermost house; for the lowest tier “h” should be measured at centreline from the upper deck or from a notional deck line where there is local discontinuity in the upper deck
h = a + Σhi
where:
a = distance, in metres, from the Summer Load Waterline amidships to the upper deck
hi = height, in metres, on the centreline of each tier of houses having a breadth greater than B/4
A = area, in square metres, in profile view, of the hull, superstructures and houses above the Summer Load Waterline which are within the equipment length of the ship and also have a breadth greater than B/4
NOTES
1 When calculating h, sheer and trim should be ignored, i.e. h is the sum of freeboard amidships plus the height (at centreline) of each tier of houses having a breadth greater than B/4.
2 If a house having a breadth greater than B/4 is above a house with a breadth of B/4 or less, then the wide house should be included but the narrow house ignored.
3 Screens or bulwarks 1.5 m or more in height should be regarded as parts of houses when determining h and A. The height of the hatch coamings and that of any deck cargo, such as containers, may be disregarded when determining h and A. With regard to determining A, when a bulwark is more than 1.5 m high, the area shown below as A2 should be included in A.
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4 The equipment length of the ships is the length between perpendiculars but should not be less than 96% nor greater than 97% of the extreme length on the Summer Waterline (measured from the forward end of the waterline).
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