MSC.1-Circ.1205 - Guidelines For Developing Operation And MaintenanceManuals For Lifeboat Systems (Secretariat)

MSC.1/Circ.1205 26 May 2006
GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPING OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE MANUALS FOR LIFEBOAT SYSTEMS
1 The Maritime Safety Committee, at its eighty-first session (10 to 19 May 2006), taking into account the number of casualties with lifeboat systems, further recognizing the need to improve manuals for operation and maintenance of lifeboat systems, and having considered proposals by the Sub-Committee on Fire Protection at its fiftieth session, approved the Guidelines for developing operation and maintenance manuals for lifeboat systems, as set out in the annex.
2 Member Governments are invited to bring the annexed Guidelines to the attention of all parties concerned with their application, as appropriate.
***

MSC.1/Circ.1205
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
ANNEX
GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPING OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE MANUALS FOR LIFEBOAT SYSTEMS
1 Scope and purpose of the guidelines
Seafarers often change ships and sometimes are not familiar with the lifeboats on their ships. Casualties with lifeboat systems are often caused by poor understanding of the lifeboat systems, especially release gear systems. User-friendliness of manuals for lifeboat systems is, therefore, important to help prevent casualties.
The purpose of these guidelines is to encourage development of user-friendly manuals for operation and maintenance of lifeboat systems including launching appliances. These manuals should be easy to understand. The guidelines demonstrate the appropriate level of detail and use of illustrations in explaining the safe use of critical systems. Manufacturers of lifeboats and launching/recovery appliances are invited to make manuals easy to understand, taking into account these guidelines. The use of video materials in conjunction with printed manuals can be an effective tool for mariners who may not be inclined to read a manual.
These guidelines are not applicable to the emergency instructions required by SOLAS regulation III/8, operating instructions such as posters and signs required by SOLAS regulation III/9 or other brief instructions for operation of lifeboats.
These guidelines are for manuals to be carried on ships for use by seafarers, and accordingly the section on weekly and monthly inspection and maintenance does not refer to detailed maintenance/repair work. Detailed maintenance/repair work should be conducted by the manufacturer’s representative or a person appropriately trained and certified by the manufacturer for the work in accordance with MSC.1/Circ.1206.
2 Collaboration of manufacturers of the lifeboat and the launching appliance
A manual for a lifeboat system including launching appliance should be developed with the collaboration of manufacturers of the lifeboat and the launching appliance and preferably be a single document. As a minimum, the use of different words for the same gear/parts of the lifeboat system should be eliminated by the collaboration of manufacturers of the lifeboat and the launching appliance to prevent misunderstanding by seafarers. Hereafter, these guidelines assume a manual for a lifeboat system includes the launching appliance as a minimum, but separate lifeboat, release gear, and launching appliance manuals may be effective if adequately co-ordinated and using the same style of presentation per these guidelines.
3 Contents of a manual for a lifeboat system
3.1 Items to be included
An operation and maintenance manual for a lifeboat system should include, as a minimum, the following items:
.1 overview and specification of the lifeboat system;
.2 explanation of the structure and working principle of the major parts of the lifeboat system including release gear systems;
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 2
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
.3 operation of the lifeboat system; and
.4 routine inspection and maintenance of the lifeboat system.
3.2 Organization, description and layout of manual
3.2.1 Outline
It is recommended that a manual for a lifeboat system be developed with the following major divisions:
1 General description of the whole lifeboat system.
2 Method of checking proper closure of release hooks.
3 Launching operation.
4 Recovery operation.
5 On-load/off-load release gear.
6 Inspection and maintenance.
3.2.2 Explanation of major components and their function
The structure and working principle of the lifeboat’s major components, in particular the on-load/off- load release gear, should be explained using figures and preferably three-dimensional perspectives. In addition, the operation of the release gear should be described sequentially, using short phrases written in the active voice.
3.2.3 Operation of lifeboat system including release gear systems
The operation of the lifeboat system should be described using the following elements:
.1 flow of the operation should be explained;
.2 detail of operation should be explained with figures. Operation and relevant movement of the parts of the release gear should be described with illustrations/photos, preferably using annotations and arrows to show direction of movement; and
.3 hazards, precautions and notes should be identified with symbols specific to the level of risk. As an example of the various levels of risk and the appropriate associated symbols, the following are recommended:
.1 For the highest level of risk, such as in the explanation of “on-load release operation”, the following symbol (red background) should be used with a warning statement similar to the following:
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 3
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
Warning
This operation releases the lifeboat and may result in the lifeboat dropping and causing death or serious injury if released too soon.
Note: International standard symbols (ISO 3864-1 and ISO 7010) are recommended where appropriate, but since marine use is excluded from the scope of these standards, and they fail to indicate different levels of risk, the “graduated” symbols are recommended.
.2 For the second highest level of risk, such as in the explanation of “davit arm stop release operation”, the following symbol (yellow background) should be used with a caution statement similar to the following:
Caution
Incorrect or incomplete resetting may cause the lifeboat to drop resulting in death or serious injury.
.3 For less critical mandatory instructions the following symbol (blue background) should be used with appropriate instruction:
Mandatory
Place the manual gripe out of the way to prevent tangling round the lifeboat. . . .
.4 Important notes may be emphasized with symbol and style of instructions similar to the following:
Note
In case the hook is not released by the above operations, confirm condition of each hook and whether the boat is waterborne or not. Even though the hooks cannot be released by the above mentioned off- load release operation, the on-load release procedure, described in the following pages, is possible.
.5 Prohibited actions should use the following symbol (coloured red) and style of instruction:
Never
Never enter lifeboat without ensuring complete closure of release hooks. Incomplete resetting of the release hooks can cause the lifeboat to drop and may result in the death of occupants.
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 4
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
3.2.4 Inspection and maintenance
The items for weekly and monthly inspection/maintenance and other inspection/maintenance should each be explained separately.
4 Improvement of user-friendliness of a manual
4.1 Use of figures/photographs
Figures, preferably coloured, or photographs should be used as far as practicable to make manuals easy to understand.
4.2 Use of standard wording The following standard wording should be used to explain lifeboat systems where provided, and for each of the applicable items illustrations should be provided to show the items and their location in the lifeboat or on the ship. The use of alternative terms for variety should be avoided, except to further define or clarify a term so that the reader never has to guess what item or system is being discussed. .1 Davit/winch:
.1 Auto releasing gripe .2 Davit arm .3 Davit arm stop .4 Davit remote control wire handle .5 Frame .6 Maintenance (hanging off) pennant attachment points, if provided .7 Manual gripe, if provided .8 Remote control wire .9 Winch manual brake safety pin .10 Winch hand crank handle .11 Winch centrifugal or lowering brake .12 Winch hand brake or stop brake lever
.2 Freefall: .1 Roller or sliding pad .2 Sea lashing rope .3 Emergency release device
.3 Release gear: .1 Hook control cable .2 Hook retainer (lock piece) .3 Hydrostatic interlock .4 Hydrostatic interlock lever, if provided .5 Interlock (“mechanical protection” of on-load release) .6 Maintenance (hanging off) pennant attachment points, if provided .7 On-load release .8 Release handle
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 5
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
.9 Release handle “closed (locked)” and “open” positions .10 Release handle “safety pin” .11 Release hook (hook unit) (fore and aft hooks) .12 Reset lever, if provided .13 Safety latch (keeper)
.4 Suspension:
.1 Foul weather recovery strops .2 Suspension block .3 Suspension link (lifting ring)
.5 “Officer in charge” of lifeboat
5 Example of an operation and maintenance manual for a lifeboat system
An example of an operation and maintenance manual for a fire-protected lifeboat system is attached in the following pages just for reference. It demonstrates the suitable level of detail that should be expected for manuals. It should be noted that lifeboat systems are different from each other and some specifications in the example manual are not applicable to lifeboat systems of other types. The example attached at appendix is a model manual which is recommended as an example for developing specific manuals for lifeboat systems launched by falls, but the same general principles should be used for manuals for freefall lifeboat systems.
* * *
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 6
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
APPENDIX
EXAMPLE OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE MANUAL FOR A LIFEBOAT SYSTEM*
Table of contents
1 General
2 Method of checking proper closure of release hooks
3 Launching operation 3.1 Preparation before launching 3.2 Setting painter 3.3 Release of safety pin for winch hand brake lever 3.4 Release of davit arm stop 3.5 Boarding the lifeboat 3.6 Launching procedure 3.7 Release gear operation 3.8 Painter release and lifeboat operation
4 Recovery operation 4.1 Resetting procedure of release hook 4.2 Recovery procedure 4.3 Stowage procedure
5 On-load/off-load release gear system 5.1 General 5.2 Fore and aft hook units 5.3 Release handle unit 5.4 Hydrostatic interlock unit
6 Inspection and maintenance 6.1 General precautions 6.2 Inspection and maintenance of lifeboat and release gear system 6.3 Inspection and maintenance of launching appliances (davits and winches)
* Of a lifeboat being launched using falls and a winch, hereinafter referred to as a lifeboat.
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 7
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
1 General
The lifeboats are stored on the boat davits on both sides of the ship. In case of emergency, the crew can board the lifeboat and escaped with the lifeboat directly from its stowage position.
The launching appliance consists of a boat davit (davit arm, frame, platform, falls, suspension block, and gripes/lashing device) and a boat winch (reduction gears, hand brake and centrifugal brake).
Swinging out and lowering of the lifeboat can be controlled both from the inside of the lifeboat and at the ship’s deck. The lowering speed of the lifeboat can be controlled by operating the remote control wire inside the lifeboat or by operating the remote control lever on the ship’s deck. Moreover, it is possible to suspend the lowering operation of the lifeboat at any height.
Recovery of the lifeboat is performed by operating the boat winch with the push-button switch box. When the davit arm reaches a prescribed position, the boat winch is automatically stopped by the limit switch. After the activation of the limit switch, the boat winch is operated manually to wind up the lifeboat to its stowage position. The boat winch is provided with a safety device to prevent the reverse operation of the manual handle.
The lifeboat is equipped with on-load/off-load release gear which complies with the requirements of the IMO Life-Saving Appliance (LSA) Code. The release gear system is equipped with a hydrostatic interlock system so that it will normally not release the hooks until the boat is waterborne.
To avoid possible injury or death, read this manual carefully before using the boat davit, the boat winch, and the on-load/off-load release gear.
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 8
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
Suspension Link
Davit Arm Stop Handle
Remote Control Wire
Platform
Auto Releasing Gripes
Boat WinchHand Brake Lever Deck Operation Device
Hand crank Handle
Skate
Boat Fall Wire Davit Arm
Trigger Hook
Limit Switch
Frame
Suspension Block
Davit Horn
Fig. 1.1 Lifeboat davit arrangement
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 9
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
Release Hook
Duct Rudder
PropulsionEngine
Fuel Oil Tank
CentreBench
Hook Control Cable
Steering Wheel Entrance Hatch Interior LightLockerHead RestSeat Belt
Hatch Compass
Release Handle
Steering Seat
Breather Valve
Emergency Steering Lever
PropellerStern Tube
Hydrostatic Interlock Unit
Drinking Water
Side Bench
Winch Remote Control Wire
SprayPump
Air Bottle
Drain Valve
F.O. Valve
Fig. 1.2 Fire-protected lifeboat
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 10
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
2 Method of checking proper closure of release hooks
2.1 Safe use and operation of lifeboats during drills and inspection and maintenance is dependent on knowing that the release gear is properly reset.
Never
Never enter lifeboat without ensuring complete closure of release hooks. Incomplete resetting of the release hooks can cause the lifeboat to drop resulting in death.
2.2 Purpose of on-load release. The IMO LSA Code requires, among other things, that the lifeboat be fitted with “on-load release capability which will release the lifeboat with a load on the hooks. The release mechanism shall be so designed that crew members in the lifeboat can clearly observe when the release mechanism is properly and completely reset and ready for lifting. . . .” On-load release is needed for launching when there is a current, when the ship is making way, or potentially if there are waves which cause the hydrostatic interlock to only release intermittently. On-load release also allows an empty or fully loaded boat to drop from any height, which can kill or seriously injure the occupants. Therefore it is critical to know that the release gear is properly reset and the release handle secured.
2.3 Ensuring release hook closure. The first thing to check whenever entering the lifeboat when it is (or will be) supported by the falls is properly reset as follows:
No. Operation Guide Schematic Diagram
1
Check that the reset lever on each hook is horizontal and in contact with its stop.
<Activity in the lifeboat>
2
Check that the release handle is in the closed (locked) position and safety pin is installed.
<Activity in the lifeboat>
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 11
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
3 Launching operation
3.1 Preparation before launching
No. Operation Guide Schematic Diagram
1
Prepare transceivers, and confirm the communication condition.
<Activity on the ship>
2
<In case of drill>
Connect the push-button switch for recovering to the receptacle.
<Activity on the ship>
3
<In case of drill>
Turn on the power switch of start panel.
Detach the cable for the storage battery charge.
<Activity on the ship>
4
Don life jackets.
<Activity on the ship>
Receptacle
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 12
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
3.2 Setting of painter
No. Operation Guide Schematic Diagram
1
Confirm the connection of the painter on the painter release device of the lifeboat.
<Activity on the lifeboat>
2
Confirm the connection of the painter as far forward as practicable inboard of the falls but outboard of everything else.
<Activity on the ship>
Caution
Ensure the painter is lead as far forward as practicable inboard of the lifeboat falls but outboard of everything else. Failure to do so will result in severe difficulties clearing the vessel during abandonment.
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 13
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
3.3 Release of safety pin (if fitted) for winch hand brake lever
Caution
The safety pin of the winch hand brake should not be pulled out until the completion of the preparation described in paragraphs 3.1 and 3.2.
No. Operation Guide Schematic Diagram
1
Pull out the safety pin (if fitted).
<Activity on the ship>
3.4 Release of davit arm stopper Go up to the platform of the davit system (platform for boarding the lifeboat).
No. Operation Guide Schematic Diagram
1
Wind the boat fall manually to take off the slack. Pull out the safety pin of the davit arm stop, if fitted.
<Activity on the ship>
Note: Safety pins are generally intended only for use during maintenance or in port.
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 14
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
No. Operation Guide Schematic Diagram
2
Release the davit arm stop by operating the handle.
<Activity on the ship>
Caution
The handle should be fully operated to prevent the davit arm stop from being caught with the lock device.
3.5 Boarding the lifeboat
No. Operation Guide Schematic Diagram
1
Confirm that the remote control wire is drawn into the lifeboat.
<Activity on the ship>
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 15
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
No. Operation Guide Schematic Diagram
2
Open the lifeboat boarding door and board the lifeboat.
<Activity on the ship> and <Activity in the lifeboat>
3
Ensure the bottom plug is fitted and tight.
<Activity in the lifeboat>
4
Turn on the power supply switch.
<Activity in the lifeboat>
No.1OFFNo.2
5
Open the fuel oil valve.
<Activity in the lifeboat>
Engine F.O. Tank
6
Confirm that the cooling seawater valve is open.
<Activity in the lifeboat>
Engine
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 16
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
No. Operation Guide Schematic Diagram
7
Close the drain valve on exhaust pipe.
<Activity in the lifeboat>
8
Fasten seatbelt.
<Activity in the lifeboat>
Caution
Seating positions of persons should be carefully selected to maintain a good trim of the lifeboat.
Warning
If the seat belt is not fastened, serious injury or death may occur.
3.6 Launching procedure
No. Operation Guide Schematic Diagram
1
Confirm that all crew boarded in the lifeboat are seated and their seatbelts are fastened.
<Activity in the lifeboat>
2
Start engine.
<Activity in the lifeboat>
START
ONOFFGLOW
Engine
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 17
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
No. Operation Guide Schematic Diagram
3
Pull down the winch remote control wire.
<Activity in the lifeboat>
Caution
• Ensure that no gripe or lashing is tangled around the fore and aft hooks. • Pull down the remote control wire gently and slowly during swinging out of the lifeboat. • Only pull down the remote control wire fully to lower the boat after swing out is complete. • The helmsman must tell the crew to standby for splashdown when the lifeboat reaches the vicinity of the water surface.
Warning
• When using remote control gear from within the boat never wind the cord or wire around fingers, hand or wrist as this may result in the cutting off of fingers/hand. • Do not stop the swinging out operation at deck position. Stopping shakes the lifeboat and may cause casualties. • A rapid swing out may cause dangerous impact on the boat when the davit arm reaches the deck position. • Inching operation shakes the lifeboat and is dangerous.
Note
During lifeboat drills, the above mentioned procedures may not be applicable because the lowering operation may be controlled from the ship’s deck using the deck operation device.
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 18
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
3.7 Release gear operation
3.7.1 Releasing procedure
A flow chart of the off-load and on-load releasing procedures is shown in the following figure.
Releasing Procedure
Off-load release (see paragraph 3.7.2)
On-load release (see paragraph 3.7.3)
(1) Pull out the safety pin.
(2) Pull the release handle.
(2) Remove the hydrostatic interlock cover.
(3) Lift up the hydrostatic interlock lever and hold it.
(1) Pull out the safety pin.
(4) Pull the release handle.
Release operation completed.
WARNING! Operate the release handle only upon confirmation of safety by the officer in charge! Release of the lifeboat from a height can cause injury or death.
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 19
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
3.7.2 Off-load release
This operation is the normal method of launch and release and is conducted when the lifeboat is fully waterborne.
Caution
Confirm the following before the operation: • The lifeboat is fully waterborne. • The engine is started. • All crew are in their seats with their seatbelts fastened.
No. Operation Guide Schematic Diagram
1
Confirm that the lifeboat is waterborne.
<Activity in the lifeboat>
2
Pull out the release handle safety pin.
<Activity in the lifeboat>
3
Pull the release handle to the fully open position by one action.
<Activity in the lifeboat>
Note
In a case where the hook is not released by the above operations, confirm condition of each hook and whether the boat is waterborne or not. Even though the hooks cannot be released by the off-load release operation described above, on-load release procedure, described in the following pages, is possible.
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 20
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
3.7.3 On-load release This operation is conducted when the lifeboat is not fully waterborne.
Warning
• Pay due precautions and conduct the on-load release operation in accordance with orders of the officer in charge. • Operation of the release handle upon insufficient confirmation of safety may result in death or injury due to dropping the lifeboat in the water from a height.
Caution
Confirm the following before the operation. • The lifeboat is as close as possible to the water surface. • The engine is started. • All crew are in their seats with their seatbelts fastened.
No. Operation Guide Schematic Diagram
1
Confirm that the lifeboat is as close as possible to the water surface, but that the hydrostatic interlock is not triggered.
<Activity in the lifeboat>
2
Pull out the release handle safety pin.
<Activity in the lifeboat>
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 21
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
No. Operation Guide Schematic Diagram
3
Open the hydrostatic interlock cover.
Unlock the latch of the interlock cover.
<Activity in the lifeboat>
4
Lift the hydrostatic interlock lever fully and hold it.
<Activity in the lifeboat>
5
Pull the release handle to the fully open position by one action.
<Activity in the lifeboat>
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 22
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
3.8 Painter release and lifeboat operation
No. Operation Guide Schematic Diagram
1
Release the painter.
<Activity in the lifeboat>
2
Lifeboat operation
Ahead, astern, turning, spray, lighting of interior light and canopy light, and other performances.
<Activity in the lifeboat>
Caution
• Do not operate the steering gear to turn the lifeboat while the painter is connected. • The lifeboat should get clear of the ship promptly when the painter has been released.
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 23
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
4 Recovery operation Outline of the resetting procedures is shown in the following figure.
Warning
• Incomplete resetting may result in death or serious injury due to dropping of the lifeboat in the water from a height.
Hook Release Handle
One person each to be stationed for the fore and aft hook.
One person to be arranged.
(1) Lift up the hooks.
(2) Swing down the reset levers simultaneously.
(3) Confirm the hooks are reset.
(4) Insert the safety pin.
(5) Fit the suspension links in the hooks.
(6) Hoist the lifeboat just clear of the water.
(7) Confirm the complete reset.
Resetting Procedure
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 24
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
4.1 Resetting procedure of release hook
The resetting procedure is to be in accordance with the following steps.
Note
At least three people are required for the resetting of the hooks.
No. Operation Guide Schematic Diagram
1
Lift the fore and aft hooks and hold them closed.
A strong effort may be required to lift the hook and force the internal lock piece to engage.
<Activity in the lifeboat>
2
Simultaneously swing down the reset levers on both fore and aft hooks in one continuous action to contact with the stop.
The release handle returns to its closed (locked) position automatically when the reset levers are swung down.
<Activity in the lifeboat>
3
Confirm the fore and aft hooks are in the normal reset positions.
Make sure that the reset lever is in contact with the stop.
<Activity in the lifeboat>
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 25
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
No. Operation Guide Schematic Diagram
4
Make sure that the release handle is in the closed (locked) position and insert the safety pin.
If the release handle is not in its closed (locked) position, it is not possible to insert the safety pin.
<Activity in the lifeboat>
4.2 Recovery procedure
The recovery procedure is to be in accordance with the following steps only after completing the release gear resetting.
Warning
• Great care must be exercised in reconnecting the hooks that hands and fingers are kept clear. • Failure to confirm proper resetting or to follow all steps below may result in death or serious injury due to dropping the lifeboat in water from a height.
4.2.1 Connection of the suspension link
No. Operation Guide Schematic Diagram
1
Manoeuvre the lifeboat to come under boat falls.
2
Adjust the heights of the suspension links by raising or lowering the boat falls.
<Activity on the ship> and <Activity in the lifeboat> under good communication.
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 26
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
No. Operation Guide Schematic Diagram
3
Insert the safety pin of the boat winch handbrake.
<Activity on the ship>
4
Connect the suspension links of the davit simultaneously to both, fore and aft hooks.
<Activity in the lifeboat>
5
Hoist the lifeboat just clear of the water and stop hoisting.
Confirm that the fore and aft hooks are properly connected.
<Activity on the ship> and <Activity in the lifeboat>
6
Confirm that the hydrostatic interlock lever has moved to the “locked” position for the lifeboat not being waterborne.
<Activity in the lifeboat>
7 Where the resetting is incomplete, return to the first step.
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 27
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
Do not conduct recovery operation of the lifeboat unless the above procedures are fully completed.
Caution
9 Do not connect the suspension link of the davit to the hooks until reset of the hooks has been fully completed. It is dangerous to connect the suspension link during the resetting operation of the hook and results an incomplete reset. 9 In case of using recovery strops, it is required to connect the bottom link of the strops instead of the suspension link to the hooks.
Warning
9 Both hooks should be connected simultaneously to prevent damage due to excessive load on one hook. 9 If only one hook is connected, the lifeboat may be suspended by the single hook due to wave action resulting in injury or death.
4.2.2 Hoisting the lifeboat
No. Operation Guide Schematic Diagram
1
Hoist the lifeboat by operating the winch using the push-button switch following the instruction by the officer in charge.
<Activity on the ship>
2
Hoist the lifeboat until the winch is stopped by the limit switch.
<Activity on the ship>
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 28
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
Caution
• The boat winch stops automatically when the davit arm strikes the limit switch. • Where the limit switch of boat winch does not work correctly, the winch operator should manually stop the hoisting operation immediately.
No. Operation Guide Schematic Diagram
3
Disembark from the lifeboat.
<Activity on the ship> and <Activity in the lifeboat>
4.3 Stowage procedure
Note
Position two persons on davit platform to watch for proper stowage.
No. Operation Guide Schematic Diagram
1
Hoist the davit arm manually.
<Activity on the ship>
2
Confirm that the davit arm is in contact with the stop on platform.
<Activity on the ship>
Caution
• Each person on the platform should signal to the winch operator just when the davit arm reaches the stop on the frame. • Confirm that the davit arm and the stops are in contact fore and aft.
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 29
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
Warning
• Stop the hoisting operation immediately when the signal from the watchman is received. • Over hoisting by manual operation may have serious consequences due to damage of the boat fall and the davit.
No. Operation Guide Schematic Diagram
3
Detach the manual hoisting handle.
<Activity on the ship>
4
Set the davit arm stop immediately.
<Activity on the ship>
5
Insert the safety pin to the davit arm stop handle.
<Activity on the ship>
Note: Safety pins are generally intended only for use during maintenance or in port.
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 30
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
No. Operation Guide Schematic Diagram
6
Lower the suspension block on the davit horn by releasing the handbrake of the winch.
<Activity on the ship>
Davit horn
Suspension Block
Warning
• If the suspension blocks are not on the davit horn, the boat falls remain in tension during sea going and the load may cause damage to the boat falls.
No. Operation Guide Schematic Diagram
7
Install and tighten the auto release gripe, if fitted.
Tighten the auto release gripe rope with the turnbuckle.
<Activity on the ship>
8
Connect the painter to the painter release hook on the bow of lifeboat.
<Activity on the ship>
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 31
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
5 On-load/off-load release gear system 5.1 General This section describes the details of the release gear system. Read this section carefully for safe operation. This release gear system consists of fore and aft hooks, a release handle near the steering console, a hydrostatic unit and the associated cables (see Fig. 5.1).
The releasing operation of the hooks is conducted at the release handle near the steering console through the control cables terminating at the fore and aft hooks. The interlock system including the hydrostatic interlock unit is provided to prevent the release of the hooks when the boat is not waterborne.
The system also has an on-load release function which makes it possible to over-ride the interlock by the hydrostatic unit. Incorrect on-load release operation may cause fatalities and due precautions should be taken for this operation.
Fig. 5.1 Schematic of release gear system
Fore hook unit
Aft hook unit
Hydrostatic interlock unit
Control cables
Interlock cable
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 32
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
5.2 Fore and aft hook units
5.2.1 Structure and parts names
The structure and parts names of the fore and aft hooks are shown in Figures 5.2.1.1 and 5.2.1.2. The fore and aft hooks are generally identical except for the direction of installation.
Fig. 5.2.1.1 Perspective of the hook unit
Fig. 5.2.1.2 Internal view of the hook unit
Hook
Safety latch
Reset lever
Maintenance pendant attachment
Cam lever box
Cam lever pin
Hook retainer (Lock piece)
Cam lever
Control cables (to release handle)
Reset lever stop
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 33
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
5.2.2 Releasing
When the release handle near the steering console is pulled, the cam lever pin is turned by the control cable and the lock piece is then made free. Finally the hook is turned and released (see figure 5.2.2).
Fig. 5.2.2 Release principle of the hook unit
Hook Hook retainer (Lock piece) Cam lever pin Control cable (to release handle)
Cam lever
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 34
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
5.2.3 Resetting
After the resetting of hooks, the posture of each hook is held by the lock piece and the lock piece is locked by the cam lever pin with the reset lever. To ensure the proper resetting of the fore and aft hooks, the procedures described in paragraph 4.1 should be followed. The fore and aft reset levers must be operated simultaneously. After simultaneous resetting of the hooks, the release handle near the steering console also returns to the closed position (see figure 5.2.3).
Fig. 5.2.3 Reset principle of the hook unit
Hook unit Hook
Re-set lever
Hook retainer (Lock piece) Control cable (to release handle unit)
Release handle unit
Cam lever
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 35
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
5.3 Release handle unit 5.3.1 Structure and parts names The structure and parts names of the release handle are shown in figures 5.3.1.1 and 5.3.1.2.
Fig.5.3.1.1 Perspective of the release handle unit
Fig.5.3.1.2 Internal view of the release handle unit
5.3.2 Operation
When the lifeboat is fully waterborne, the lifeboat can be released by removing the safety pin and then pulling the release handle fully and quickly to the open position (off-load release). The lifeboat can also be released by the same operation of the release handle even though the lifeboat is not fully waterborne, by opening the interlock cover and lifting up the interlock lever. This over-rides the interlock function of the hydrostatic interlock unit (on-load release).
Fig. 5.3.2 Operation procedure of the release handle
Safety pin
Release handle
Control cables (to the hook units of fore and aft)
Interlock cable (hydrostatic)
Interlock cover
Release handle (Open position) (Closed position)
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 36
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
5.4 Hydrostatic interlock unit
5.4.1 Structure and parts name
Structure and parts names of the hydrostatic interlock unit are shown in figures 5.4.1.1 and 5.4.1.2.
Fig. 5.4.1.1 Perspective of the hydrostatic interlock unit
Fig. 5.4.1.2 Internal view of the hydrostatic interlock unit
5.4.2 Operation
When the lifeboat is fully waterborne, the hydrostatic interlock unit pushes up the interlock lever through the interlock cable by the water lifting the float and thus allowing the release handle to be operated. Contrary to this, operation of the release handle is not allowed by the hydrostatic interlock unit when the lifeboat is not fully waterborne.
Interlock cable ( to the hydrostatic interlock lever of the release handle unit) Air vent
Rod Hydrostatic unit body
Flange
Water tight seal
Float
Pressure of seawater
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 37
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
6 Inspection and maintenance
6.1 General precautions
SOLAS regulation III/20 requires that all life-saving appliances shall be in working order and ready for immediate use before the ship leaves port and at all times during the voyage. Lifeboats, launching appliances and release gear are required by SOLAS regulation III/20 to be inspected weekly and monthly according to the instructions for on-board maintenance complying with the requirements of SOLAS regulation III/36. Also, MSC.1/Circ.1206 describes more detailed procedures for periodic servicing and maintenance of lifeboats, launching appliances and release gear.
This manual includes only the weekly and monthly inspection and maintenance, which are conducted on board under the direct supervision of a senior ship’s officer.
6.2 Inspection and maintenance of lifeboat and release gear system
6.2.1 Inspection and maintenance plan
Lifeboats should be inspected and maintained weekly and monthly in accordance with the following tables. The tables list the items to checked, the method of inspection, the procedures to be followed, and the frequency at which the items are to be attended to.
Table 6.2.1.1 covers the basic lifeboat (including release gear). Table 6.2.1.2 covers the lifeboat engine. Table 6.2.1.3 covers the electric parts. Table 6.2.1.4 covers the lifeboat equipment.
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 38
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
Table 6.2.1.1 - Inspection procedure and maintenance plan for boat Maintenance planItems Method Inspection procedure Weekly Monthly
Outside hull Visual
Inspect for deformation or other defects. Inspect for peeling or any damage of retro-reflective material.
X X
Outside canopy Visual Inspect for deformation or other defects. X X Buoyant lifeline Visual Inspect for any damage. X X Foldable canopy*1 Visual Inspect for any damage to canopy. X X GRP Visual Inspect for deformation or other defects. X X Wood Visual Inspect for crack or rot. X X Inside boat Metal Visual Inspect for corrosion. X X Drain valve Visual Inspect for any damage. X X Release gear Visual Check resetting condition. Remove any dirt on moving parts. X X Painter release device Visual Check resetting condition. Remove any dirt on moving parts. X X All hatches Visual Operation Inspect for easy operation and good condition of gasket. X X Window Visual Inspect for any crack on glass. Clean both sides of glass. X Visual Inspect for any damage of rudder, tiller and emergency tiller. X X Steering gear Operation Inspect for good operation of main steering and connecting emergency tiller. X X Stern tube Visual Inspect gasket and check for leakage of seawater. *2 *2 Propeller and guard Visual Inspect for any damage. X X Breather valve Operation Inspect operation of valve. X
Visual
Inspect for proper tension of V- belt. Inspect for any damage of belt. X Clutch V-belt Operation Inspect for proper operation. X Spray pipe Visual Inspect for corrosion or any damage. X
Water spray system
Spray nozzle Visual Remove any deposit. X High pressure pipe Visual Inspect for any damage. X Regulator Visual Inspect for any damage. X Air support system Air cylinder Visual Inspect for corrosion or any damage. X Note: 1 Applicable only to partially enclosed lifeboats. 2 When waterborne.
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 39
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
Table 6.2.1.2 - Inspection procedure and maintenance plan for engine Maintenance plan Items Method Inspection procedure Weekly Monthly Visual Check in good condition. X Engine Operation Start and operate the engine. Check operation of throttle. Check operation of clutch. X X Visual Check an amount of oil. X Lubricating oil Visual Check viscosity of oil with finger and ensure it’s not dirty. X
Fuel oil tank Visual
Check securing condition of the tank (corrosion or leakage and connecting parts). Check an amount of fuel oil.
X
Fuel oil pipe Visual Check any leakage on connecting parts. X Water cooler Visual Check an amount of fresh water. X Cooling water pipe Visual Check any leakage on pipe. X Starter switch Operation Check operating properly. X X Glow lamp Operation Check light on when pre-heating. X X Tachometer Operation Check proper indication of revolution. X X Oil pressure warning lamp, Charge lamp Operation Check proper light on or light off condition. X X Stop wire Operation Stop the engine. X X
Table 6.2.1.3 - Inspection procedure and maintenance plan for electric parts Maintenance plan Items Method Inspection procedure Weekly Monthly Visual Check lead wire. X Battery Measure Measure voltage of battery. When voltage is low, charge battery. X Inside lamp Operation Check light on. X Canopy lamp Operation Check light on. X Search light Operation Check light on. X Electric wiring Visual Check any defects on wiring. X
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 40
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
Table 6.2.1.4 - Inspection procedure and maintenance plan for lifeboat equipment
Check for condition, quantity and expiry date where applicable Maintenance plan No. Items Weekly Monthly 1 Oars X 2 Thole pins or crutches X 3 Boat hooks X 4 Buoyant bailer X 5 Buckets X 6 Survival manual X X 7 Compass X 8 Sea-anchor X 9 Painters X 10 Hatchets X 11 Watertight receptacle and fresh water X 12 Dipper with lanyard X 13 Graduated drinking vessel X 14 Food ration in watertight container X 15 Rocket parachute flare X 16 Hand flare X 17 Buoyant smoke signal X 18 Waterproof electric torch X 19 One daylight signalling mirror X 20 One copy of life-saving signals X X 21 One whistle X 22 A first-aid kit X 23 Anti-seasickness medicine X 24 One seasickness bag for each person X 25 A jack knife X 26 Three tin openers X 27 Two buoyant rescue quoits X 28 A manual pump X X 29 One set of fishing tackle X 30 Portable fire-extinguishing equipment X 31 A radar reflector X 32 Thermal protective aids X 33 Compartments for storage X 34 A means for collecting rainwater X 35 A boarding ladder X 36 Seat belts X 37 Instructions of immediate action X X 38 Water resistant instructions X X
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 41
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
6.2.2 On board maintenance procedures
6.2.2.1 General
As a result of inspection, any defective parts should be repaired in accordance with following procedures. Any shortage of quantity should be supplemented to the correct number. Defective parts other than the following should be recorded along with their details and ordered for maintenance and repair by the manufacturers.
6.2.2.2 Boat
6.2.2.2.1 Rust on metal parts
Give anti-rusting treatment according to degree of damage, or replace if significantly wasted.
6.2.2.2.2 Damage of fabric
Repair fabric products by same material according to degree of damage.
6.2.2.2.3 Gasket
Repair with adhesive sealant according to degree of damage.
6.2.2.2.4 Drain valve
Remove any dirt and check correct operation.
6.2.2.2.5 Water spray system
Remove any deposit from spray nozzles. Tighten up pipe connecting parts when any leakage was noted. Adjust to proper tension on V-belt.
6.2.2.3 Engine
6.2.2.3.1 Oil coating and filling
When any rust exists, remove rust and coat with machine oil. Rotating parts should be filled with lubricating oil.
6.2.2.3.2 Operating test
An operational test of the engine should be carried out on board the ship and in the afloat condition after launching at an appropriate opportunity to check the running condition. After the operational test, ensure that the valves for the cooling water line are opened and flushed with fresh water and drained completely.
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 42
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
6.2.2.4 Electric parts 6.2.2.4.1 Battery Fill up battery with electrolyte if level is below the designated position. Tighten up electric terminal if it is loose. 6.3 Inspection and maintenance of launching appliances (davits and winches) 6.3.1 Inspection and maintenance plan Launching appliances should be inspected and maintained weekly and monthly in accordance with the following tables. The tables list the items to checked, the method of inspection, the procedure to be followed, and the frequency at which the items are to be attended to. Table 6.3.1.1 covers the davit. Table 6.3.1.2 covers the winch. Table 6.3.1.3 covers the electric parts. Table 6.3.1.1 - Inspection procedure and maintenance plan for davit Maintenance plan Items Method Inspection procedure Weekly Monthly Frame Visual Check corrosion, deformation and depression. X X Visual Check corrosion, deformation and depression. X X Operation Moving out from stowed position. X Davit arms Operation Turning out from stowed position. X Visual Check wear and corrosion. X Operation Check moving condition. X X Sheave, suspension block Lubricate Lubricate/grease. X Hinge pin, sheave pin Lubricate Lubricate/grease. X Visual Check wear and corrosion. X X Operation Check moving condition. X X Davit arm stopper and trigger hook Lubricate Lubricate/grease. X Visual Check wear, breakage of wire and corrosion. X Lubricate Lubricate/grease. X Turn ends Turn ends of boat fall (2.5 years). Boat fall, Turn buckle Replacing Replacing boat fall (5 years). Lashing wire rope Visual Check wear, corrosion and looseness. X X Operation Check moving condition. X Deck operation device Lubricate Lubricate/grease. X Visual Check wear and corrosion. X X Operation Check moving condition. X Remote control wire Lubricate Lubricate/grease. X Boat chock Visual Check wear and corrosion. X X
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 43
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
Table 6.3.1.2 - Inspection procedure and maintenance plan for winch Maintenance plan Items Method Inspection procedure Weekly Monthly Visual Check level and deterioration of lubricating oil. X Gear box, gear, bearing, oil seal Operation Check unusual noise. X Brake system, Centrifugal brake Visual Check corrosion or any defects. X X Wire end cotter Visual Check looseness. X Visual Check corrosion or any defects. X X Brake lever Operation Check operating condition. X X Speed change lever Lubricate Lubricate/grease. X X
Table 6.3.1.3 - Inspection procedure and maintenance plan for electric parts Maintenance plan Items Method Inspection procedure Weekly Monthly Visual Check wiring. X X Electric motor Operation Check normal operation. X Visual Check wiring. X X Operation Check normal operation. X Limit switch Lubricate Lubricate/grease. X Visual Check wiring and other defects. X X Push-button switch box and cable Operation Check normal operation. X Visual Check wiring and other defects. X X Start panel Operation Check normal operation. X
6.3.2 On-board maintenance procedure
6.3.2.1 General
As a result of inspection, any defective parts should be repaired in accordance with following procedures. Any shortage of quantity should be supplemented to correct number. Defective parts other than the followings should be recorded along with their details and ordered for maintenance and repair by the manufacturers.
6.3.2.2 Wire rope
6.3.2.2.1 Wire ropes should be changed in the following cases:
.1 break of elemental wire was observed;
.2 7% reduction of nominal diameter was observed;
.3 kink or looseness of ply was observed; or
.4 erosion/corrosion was observed.
MSC.1/Circ.1205 ANNEX Page 44
I:\CIRC\MSC\01\1205.doc
6.3.2.2.2 Check fixing condition of wire ropes. 6.3.2.2.3 Change the boat falls within an appropriate period. 6.3.2.2.4 Adjust the length of boat falls as necessary so that the clearances between the davit arm and davit arm stopper at fore and aft are almost the same.
6.3.2.2.5 Ensure that material and diameter of suspension links are as specified by the release gear manufacturer. 6.3.2.3 Boat winch
6.3.2.3.1 Prior to commencement of the maintenance work for the winch, the boat should be secured to prevent movement.
6.3.2.3.2 Oil should be checked and changed if discoloured. In case that oil level is low, oil should be added until the its surface comes to the designated level in the oil gauge. 6.3.2.3.3 Surfaces of each gear inside the gear box should be checked. In case that a defect is found on a surface of gear, the gear box should be replaced or repaired. 6.3.2.3.4 In case that the angle of brake lever has dropped due to abrasion of the brake lining, the angle of the brake lever should be adjusted by loosening the bolts, adjusting the angle and tightening the bolts again.
6.3.2.4 Greasing 6.3.2.4.1 Lubrication is essential for the function of the davit and winch and regular checking is necessary. Greasing also should be regularly conducted. For appropriate greasing, the detailed structure of the davit and winch and the functions of their parts should be understood. 6.3.2.4.2 All grease nipples of the davit should be greased at least once a month. 6.3.2.4.3 Gear oil inside the boat winch should regularly be checked regarding amount, change of colour and mixture of moisture. 6.3.2.4.4 Wire rope oil/grease should be regularly checked to prevent loss of oil/grease. Wire rope should be oiled or greased every two months in general. ______________
Toggle pin
Brake lever
Horizontal
Hex. bolt
No comments yet. Be the first to add a comment!
Loading...