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How to fill up a ships logbook

Secure, batten, make sure

  1. S/B (stand by) for leaving port
  2. Hands employed preparing ship for sea
  3. Hands preparing ship for sea
  4. Hands employed in preparation for sea
  5. Getting all ready for sea
  6. Getting ship ready for sea
  7. Preparing ship for sea
  8. Stationed all hands for leaving port
  9. Dismissed station for leaving
  10. S/B entering port
  11. Stationed all hands for entering port
  12. Lashed up everything movable in holds and decks
  13. Secured all hatches and battened them down
  14. Secured all outside openings and prepared for sea
  15. Secured all derrick booms and other fittings, then battened al hatches down
  16. Secured watertight doors and lashed up lifeboats for heavy weather
  17. Weather becoming threatening, postponed sailing
  18. As weather becoming threatening, postponed sailing
  19. Tested steering gear, telegraph and whistle, checked gyrocompass and ship’s clocks and all was in good condition
  20. Leaving draft (Sailing draft, Draft on departure) F: 3”20, A: 6”10
  21. Arrival draft F: 3”75, A: 6”12
  22. All crew returned aboard all shore people left her
  23. Not more then 1 hour before getting underway:

Same as on arrival and:

“ALL hatches covers, sidescuttles, watertight doors shut, security of vessel inspected. Draft, cargo on board, Fuel oil, Diesel oil, Lubrication oil, water, ballast, stability and crew.”

  1. Within 12 hours before arrival (strictly for US ports)

“All communication system, alarms, main and emergency steering gear, rudder indicator, engine telegraph, main propulsion machinery ahead and astern, whistles, navigation lights, radars, VHF, emergency batteries, compasses and other navigation equipment tested and checked.” (“…as per US CFR 33 par. 164,25” – if US port of call. CFR – code of federal regulations USA)

  1. Use of anchor

let go anchor, drop anchor, cast anchor

brought up with … shackles of cable

in … meters of water

pay (veer) out chain cable moor

  1. Cleared hawse and have in port anchor
  2. Hove in starboard cables to 3 shackles
  3. Hove short port cable to two shackles and cleared hawse
  4. Picked up port anchor and hove in starboard cables to 45 fathoms
  5. Hove up star’d anchor and hung on ship’s rope
  6. Started (commenced) unmooring
  7. Started (commenced) to heave up anchor
  8. Weighed anchor (anchor up), slow ahead and various engine, left MOKPO to GUNSAN
  9. Picked up anchor and proceed down the river under pilot’s direction
  10. Let go anchor at quarantine station
  11. Cast port anchor and brought up with three shackles of cable
  12. Let go star’d anchor in 15 meters of water off INCHEON and brought up with 4 shackles of cable
  13. Anchored ay MUKHO outer Harbour with 3 shackles of chain in 20 meters of water
  14. Arrived of anchorage and anchored with port anchor and 45 f’ms (fathoms) of cable
  15. Dropped anchor and paid (veered) out port chain to 3 shackles
  16. Brought up with 4 shackles of port cable and 5 shackles of star’d cable
  17. Moored with 2 shackles of cable on each anchor
  18. Moored in 25 meters of water with 3 shackles of cable on both sides (both anchors)
  19. Pilot, Captain Kim boarded and took his charge
  20. Hove up anchor and left BUSAN for Manila in charge of pilot
  1. Use of mooring lines

Send out mooring rope to …

Make her fast to …

Place (moor, put) alongside …

Shackle to buoy

Dragging round

Swinging round

Shackle on …

  1. Singled up shore lines and prepared for sea
  2. Let go shore line, left MASAN for HONGKONG
  3. Cast off wharfs and left SEJU for TOKYO
  4. Cast off lines, slow ahead engine. Proceed to sea under pilot’s order, using engine var’ly (variously) as required
  5. Cast off lines and got clear of wharf, assisted by tug boat on star’d quarter
  6. Unshackled the cable from the buoy and slip rope
  7. Cast off (let go) buoy rope and half astern engine and proceeded to sea, manoeuvering engine and helm var’ly
  8. Let go #1 buoy rope and left ULSAN for LOS ANGELES
  9. Shackled #2 Buoy
  10. Sent out mooring rope to the pier
  11. Came along #1 Buoy and sent buoy rope to it
  12. Sent bow and stern lines ashore and commenced hauling her alongside pier
  13. Made her fast port side to #1 pier
  14. Made her fast fore and aft to the quay. Arrived at BUSAN and finished with engine
  15. Got her alongside star’d side to mothership, Korea-ho
  16. Made her fast to #1 Buoy with port cable
  17. Shackled to #3 Buoy, arrived at MCHEON

S/B engine (eng.)

Slow, Half, Full (speed) ahead

Slow, Half, Full (speed) astern

Starboard eng. Slow ah’d

Both engines half astern

Ring (Rung) up engine

Ring (Rung) off engine

Finish (Finished) with engine

Goes wrong

Engine recovers

Engine works ahead/astern

  1. Left BOMBAY for CAPETOMN. Slow ahead and various engine (var.eng.)
  2. Slow astern and (then) used eng. var’ly
  3. Half speed ahead and then used eng. ahead var’ly
  4. Cleared B/W (breakwater) and L’t Ho (Lighthouse), Full ahead
  5. Rung up engine
  6. Stopped engine. Slow then half ah’d
  7. Full ah’d eng. R/up eng., and dismissed the station
  8. Cleared out #1 Fairway Entrance/ F/H
  9. S/B eng. Slow down
  10. Slow down eng. And then used eng. ah’d var’ly
  11. Slow down eng. And then used eng. var’ly as required
  12. Stop eng. Arrived at MASAN and F/W eng.
  13. Slowed (Eased) down eng. for engineer’s purpose
  14. Stopped eng. for engineer’s purpose
  15. Stopped eng. for engineer’s request
  16. Stopped eng. for engineer’s sake
  17. Stopped eng. for (the purpose of) repairing steering gear
  18. Stopped eng. to repair steering eng.
  19. Stopped eng. owing to confused traffic
  20. F/W eng. and dismissed the station


(being) assisted by tug, with tug


let go tow (tug), cast off tow (tug)

give her push

come alongside

attend her

  1. Took tug “Sangmi-ho” bow and “Nari-ho” on aft
  2. Took tug “Galmaegi-ho” on port quarter
  3. Tug “Galmaegi-ho” made her fast on our port quarter
  4. Tug “Mugungwha-ho” came alongside and made fast on portside midship
  5. Another tug “Jebi-ho” made fast on portside
  6. Two tugs “Nabi-ho” and “Samjari-ho” attended her
  7. Tug “Bidlgi-ho” gave her push on star’d bow
  8. Proceeded to her berth under tow
  9. Proceeded to her berth, #3 Buoy, assisted by tug
  10. Let go tug. Cast off tug
  1. PILOT

engage pilot

drop pilot, discharge pilot

pilot comes on board, pilot arrives on board

pilot leaves ship

make a signal for a pilot

wait for a pilot

  1. Stopped eng. and wait for pilot
  2. Stopped her off SODO for pilot
  3. ORYUKDO L’t Ho bore north 1’ off. Mr. Kim, Pilot, boarded
  4. Mr. Rhee, Pilot, came on board, F/H and proceeded into port
  5. WOLMIDP L.H. ab’m star’d side 2’ off. Mr.Yang, Pilot, arrived on board
  6. Picked up pilot and set full
  7. Embarked Mr.Hong, Pilot< and proceeded at full speed ahead under his charge
  8. Let go lines and proceeded to sea under pilot’s order
  9. Pilot left her off TAEJONGDAE L.H.
  10. Discharge pilot and proceeded to sea
  11. Pilot, Mr.Kim came on board and took charge
  12. Pilot, Capt. Kim boarded and took charge
  13. Pilot, Capt. Kim embarked and took charge
  14. Stopped her and waited for the pilot off SOKCHO L.H.
  15. Hove up anchor and proceeded down the river under pilot’s order
  16. Passed BUSAN #1 Entrance Buoy on her port side and discharged the pilot then proceeded to sea


quarantine station (ground)

quarantine officer


Bill of Health, B.H.

pass the inspection

get B.H., be granted B.H.

customs inspection

customs officer

immigration inspector

  1. Anchored a quarantine station (ground)
  2. Quarantine officers came on board and inspected passengers and crew
  3. Passed quarantine inspection and got pratique
  4. Finished quarantine and three cholera patients (were) found and isolated on board
  5. Four trachoma passengers (were) refused to land
  6. Quarantine officers left ship
  7. Customs officer and immigration officer came on board and inspected respectively
  8. Finished above inspection and each officer left ship
  9. Searching all over the ship and found none
  10. Pratique granted. Weighed anchor and proceeded to her berth

assignment – назначение задание

shifting, shift

shifting anchorage

  1. Harbor officer boarded and granted berth order
  2. Got the assignment to go alongside Central pier
  3. Hove up anchor and commenced shifting her closer to shore
  4. Let go shore line and commenced shifting
  5. Made her fast to #2 Pier on her star’d side and finished shifting
  6. Hove up anchor and proceeded a little to southward
  7. Anchored again in 15 meters of water with 2 shackles of cable
  8. Being towed by tug “Sinju-ho”, proceeded to appointed anchorage
  9. Shifted her further up wharf, warping mooring rope
  1. Cleared out #1 Fairway Entrance
  2. Cleared passage
  3. Cleared breakwater end
  4. Passed clear of B.W. end
  5. Passed harbor entrance buoy
  6. Passed #1 Entrance Buoy on her port side
  7. Passed light vessel on her starboard side 2 cables off



alter course (A/CO) to …

set course (S/CO) to …

shape course for …

A/CO var’ly, steer var’ly

steer by …’s order, steer under …’s orders (direction)

  1. Steered var’ly under captain’s direction
  2. Course var’ly as per captain’s order
  3. Steering by pilot’s orders
  4. Passed clear passage and steered by captain’s order
  5. Passed UDO L.H. on WSW, 1’ off, S/CO to SE. Streamed and set P.log
  6. PALMIDO Light abeam SE, 1’ off, A/CO to SE. P.log 10’
  7. HAJODO L.H. bore <008>, 5’ off, A/CO var’ly and took in P.log showing 130’
  1. LOG

stream P. log

operate bottom log

set log

take (haul) in log

patent log, P.log

bottom log, B.log

  1. SEONMIDO L.H. abeam S/E, 1’off, P.log 50’ and reset it
  2. A/CO to East when P.log showed 65’
  3. Found something wrong on the log and hauled it in
  4. Streamed set P.log again after examination
  5. SORIDO L.H. abeam <015>, 2’ off, A/CO to <093>. P.log 143’

made out … on NW

sighted (observed) … on NW

sighted … L’t on East 20’ off

Observed … L’t on East, distant 20 miles

… bearing 10°, dist. 2 miles

… bore 10°, 2’ off

abeam 90°, 5’ off

passed … on 270°

  • SHIHADO L.H. (was) seen, bearing N20°W, distant 5’
  • Sighted (Observed, Made out) CHUKSAN L.H. on NW, 10’ off
  • Sighted BIYANGDAO on <130>, 20’ off
  • DITTO L’t bore <180>, dist. 15’ and A/CO to <355>
  • MARADO L’t abeam East, 1’ off
  • CHEONJANGSAN (275 m) sighted on port bow
  • Got a glimpse of GADEOKDO L.H. ahead
  • Got a glimpse of land on the star’d bow
  • P’d (Passed) ULGI L.H. on <340°>, 2’ off
  • P’d #2 Harbor Entrance Buoy on starboard side 1’ off


weather became thick

fog signal attended to

fog signal kept going, kept fog signal going

at regulation intervals

  1. Fog set in and fog signals attended to
  2. Fog and heavy rain. Blew steam siren as required by Rule of the Road at Sea
  3. International fog regulation strictly complied with
  4. Kept regulation fog signal going
  5. Dense fog set in with mizzling
  6. Fog patches at times
  7. Patches of fog at times
  8. Dense fog. S/B engine
  9. Run into fog bank, put engine stopped and whistle kept going on
  10. Thick foggy weather and put engine slow
  11. Anchored in thick fog by sight of fairway buoy
  12. Thick fog, whistle going and eased engine down
  13. Snowing throughout the watch
  14. Weather very thick with snow
  15. Heavy squalls with hail
  16. Heavy hail – squalls
  17. Fog cleared away and full speed ahead
  18. Fog cleared off, weighed anchor and proceeded to underway
  19. International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea 1972
  20. Rule 19 “Conduct of Vessels in Restricted Visibility”
  21. Entered fog area, visibility of 0.5’ miles

sounded, took sounding

sounding attended (taken)

no bottom

got … meters

echo sounding

bottom’s quality, nature of bottom

  1. Sounding carefully attended to
  2. Sounded sea bottom and got 50 meters, log 120’
  3. Sounded bottom and got 25 meters with mud
  4. Took sounding, no bottom
  5. Took a cast of lead, no bottom
  6. Sounded by echo sounder and got 50 meters
  7. Found bottom’s quality sand by echo
  8. Took sounding, no bottom 50 meters
  9. Took a cast of patent lead, 60 meters
  10. Got bottom, 20 f’ms with fine sand

  1. On duty

occasional squall

continuous snow squall

sky cleared, weather cleared up

it began to rain

rain ceased – дождь прекратился

thunder storm

torrent of rain

  1. Strong gale abated
  2. It became threatening
  3. Barometer falling
  4. Barometer rising
  5. Barometer fell to 900 mb suddenly
  6. Strong wind began to blow suddenly
  7. Moderate gale sprung up
  8. Moderate breeze sprung up from northward with rain and rapidly increased to gale
  9. Heavy squalls with hail
  10. Heavy rain and vivid lightening
  11. Frequent light squalls
  12. Thunder storm with vivid lightening
  13. Weather getting worse
  14. Weather getting better
  15. Weather became very thick with snow
  1. Light breeze and fine weather with smooth sea
  2. Strong breeze with (W/) rather heavy rain and sea moderate
  3. Moderate breeze w/rather heavy rain and sea moderate
  4. Light air and fine weather (wr) w/hazy horizon
  5. Strong breeze and overcast, accompanying heavy rain at times and lightening throughout
  6. Sea rough w/SE’ly heavy swell
  7. Rough sea and SE’ly heavy swell
  8. Heavy rain squall passed accompanied by thunder and lightening
  9. Slight following wind and overcast cloudy weather w/misty horizon
  10. Light air and fine, bright moon light night


on decks, on fore and aft

all over

on aft deck

occasionally, at times

frequently, several times

all the time, at all times

constantly, continuously

shipping (taking) spray

shipping big seas, shipping heavy water

some of water

much water, large quantity of water

heavy seas, big water

  1. Ship rolling heavily on heavy swell
  2. Ship rolling heavily on high beam swell
  3. Ship rolling easily on W’ly (westerly) swell
  4. Ship pitching heavily on S’ly long swell
  5. Ship laboring, straining heavily and shipping large quantity of water on decks all the times
  6. Ship working violently and ship swung under seaworthiness
  7. Ship laboring roughly and shipping much seas on fore and aft decks
  8. Shipping heavy seas and flooding fore and aft well decks all the times
  9. Taking large quantity of water over the bow
  10. Strong breeze and heavy rain, high westerly sea, ship laboring heavily and ship swung underwater. Tanks and bilges carefully attended

Put (Set, Corrected, Adjusted) clock ahead … minutes (hour)

Advanced (Forwarded) clock

Put (Set, Corrected, Adjusted) clock back

Retarded (Backed, Returned, Reduced) clock

  1. Put clocks ahead 10m for SAT in long. 120°10¢E
  2. Advanced clocks 12m for SMT at noon
  3. Put clocks aback 20m for standard time at HONGKONG (Long. 120°00¢E)
  4. Retarded all ship’s clocks 26m for SAT at noon in long 90°00¢E
  5. Advanced clocks by 40 minutes to KST (Korean Standard Time)
  6. Advanced clocks by an hour to Mid-European Time (ST in France)
  7. Put clocks ahead an hour and a half for Daylight Saving Time of Pacific Standard Time in USA
  8. Retarded Ship’s clocks by 1h to Zone Time (ZT) in Long. 150°00¢W
  9. Took a sight to verify the rate of chronometer


passed (P’d) …, crossed …

date line, meridian of 180°

Equator, the Line

Meridian day, Neptune’s revel

repeated the date

skipped the date

  1. Crossed the meridian of 180°(180° meridian) in Lat. 40°10¢N from East to West
  2. P’d the date line in Lat. 5°30¢S from West to East
  3. Date of March 10th repeated
  4. Date of July 21st skipped
  5. Skipped Friday, August 21st from our calendar
  6. Counted Wednesday Dec. 22nd again
  7. March 23rd was repeated, as she passed the Date Line on previous day
  8. All hands enjoyed Meridian day
  9. Being Meridian day, no work today
  10. No ship’s work done owing to Neptune’s revel
  11. Kept no work on board owing to Neptune’s revel
  1. Met with s/s “Korea-ho” bound homeward and exchanged signals
  2. Met with sister ship “Busan-ho” bound outward and exchanged “good voyage” (or “Bon Voyage”)
  3. Overtook m/s “Seoul-ho” bound for LOS ANGELES and communicated with her
  4. Overtook m/s “Pohang-ho” on port side
  5. A steamer passed on port side 3 miles off
  6. Sighted a steamer heading northwards on SSE
  7. Met with a man-of-war, passing westwards on starboard side 10 miles away
  8. Sighted a number of trawlers on westward
  9. Passed a fishing boat on the same way, on port side distance 10 miles
  10. Passed British warship bound opposite way on starboard side and greeted with salutatory signal


by radio, by wireless, on the air

send a message by radio, send wireless

receive message

keep within wireless touch

signal of distress, emergency signal

  • Signaled for pilot
  • Made signal for pilot
  • Morsed to call pilot
  • P’d L. signal station, signaling ship’s name and nationality by Morse code
  • Signaled ship’s name and destination to Y. signal station
  • Received signals from Z. signal station and answered
  • Met with s/s “Suwan-ho” and exchanged signals
  • Signaled with her “Bon Voyage”
  • Greeted with salutatory signal
  • Received SOS by radio
  • Met with the “Chungmu” and communicated with her
  • Five masted schooner “Sirisan-ho” displayed signals as follows:______
  • Made out signal of YEONDAO, bearing North, 3 miles off and transmitted her passing
  • Overtaken by m/v “Daegu-ho”, bounding for MANILA and signaled about the currents encountered and repeated signals
  • Received the message from head office to after her port of destination to BOMBAY
  • Received the instruction by radio from NEW YORK Branch to discharge PANAMA cargo at HAVANA


  1. Practised boat and fire drills
  2. Practised man overboard drill
  3. Stationed all hands for all boats
  4. Lowered all boats
  5. Hoisted in all boats
  6. Sailor, Rhee Doryeong, fell overboard
  7. Lowered #2 life boat and rescued him under care of 2nd officer
  8. Fire broke out and stationed all hands for fire fighting
  9. Tested watertight doors and found them all satisfactory
  10. Tested sluice doors and other emergency gears and found them in good condition
  11. Crew mustered and instructed wearing lifejackets
  12. Practised collision station drill and fitted collision mat
  13. Practised fire station drill and inspected the fire-fighting appliances
  14. Dismissed the boat station and finished the drill
  15. Abandon ship drill, inspected and checked boat’s equipment, including engine, all life-saving appliances, launching system for boats and rafts. All found in good order.
  16. Fire drill. Training in fire fighting. Inspected and checked all fire equipment, tested fire alarm system, main and emergency fire pump. All found in good order.
  17. Abandon ship drill. Lifeboats were lowered (or swung out only) with crew aboard and maneuvered. Inspected and checked …
  18. Emergency steering drill. Carried out operation of the main steering gear from within the steering gear compartment. Tested communication systems. All found in good order.
  • Fixed ship's position (20°10¢N, 65°35¢E) by observation
  • Took observations of the sun and obtained her noon position on 20°10¢N, 65°35¢E
  • Got her position 20°10¢N, 65°35¢E by star sight
  • Sampled water at the depth of 100 meters
  • Let go (Hoisted up, Picked up) plankton net
  • Drifted larva net
  • Picked up batythermograph (B.T.)
  • Got depth and temperature of water by BT
  • Set (Picked up) G.E.K.


  • Caught DOKDO by radar on <60°>, 20' off
  • Sighted other ship on Radar scope on <235°>, distance 30’
  • Fixed her position by Loran
  • Got ship’s position by Loran and observation
  • Observed X Radio beacon on <320°> by Radio direction finder
  • Proceeded to the ship in distress, using radio direction finder
  • Got her position on Latitude 20°10¢N Longitude 65°35¢E by Loran
  • Got her position on Latitude 20°10¢N Longitude 65°35¢E and took departure from there
  • Turned her round to obtain deviation by bearing of a distant object
  • Deviation of the compass was found to be 2°E on ship’s head SW by the amplitude azimuth of the sun

aloft – наверху, на марсе

bright (good) lookout

  • Kept lookoutman on forecastle
  • Set lookout man on crow’s nest for floating mine
  • Kept a sharp lookout aloft (on forecastle)
  • Ship running under half speed and a sharp lookout kept for fishing boats
  • Sent lookout man to crows nest
  • Kept a bright lookout for fishing boats unlighted
  • Set sharp lookout on forecastle through the night from 1700 to 0600
  • Called back the lookoutman
  • Kept officers night watch for deserter

4.Good lookout kept unlighted fishing boats

  • Altered the port of calling and propelled for HONGKONG by Head Office's order
  • Mr. A., sailor, suffered from acute appendicitis seriously, dropped in the nearest port, SINGAPORE, to send him to the hospital
  • Altered her course and proceeded for the rescue of the wrecked ship, answering the distress signals from her
  • Altered course to North, receiving a warning of nuclear testing to be held at Christmas Island (I'd)


A. Sailors work

  • Hans turned to washed deck down as usual
  • Hands turned out to watch decks down
  • Hands employed in washing fore and aft decks
  • Crew washed ships outside
  • Hands turned to broomed decks down
  • Hands holystoned decks
  • Hands varnishing hand rails
  • Hands employed in chipping fore deck
  • Hands chipping foredeck
  • Turned to work scrubbing weather deck
  • Resumed work engaged in the same work as forenoon
  • Crew engaged in general cleaning
  • Hands stopped work
  • Hands resumed work
  • Hands knocked off
  • Hands knocked off for the day

B. Chipping and Scraping

  • Hands chipped foredeck
  • Hands, employed in chipping and scaling
  • Crew chipping and scraping rusty parts of funnel, ventilators and engine room casing
  • Engaged in chipping and scaling the top plates of #1 Ballast tank with pneumatic tools
  • Engaging in chipping rusty parts on mast table
  • Employed in chipping all over the weather decks with scaling machine
  • Hands employed chipping the top plates of #3 Oil tank after ensuring gas free

3.Deck hands employed in scaling in #1 Hold

C. Painting, Varnishing, Tarring and Cementing

  • Hands employed in painting masts and derricks
  • Painting hatch coaming and touching up ships outside
  • Painted bridge front bulkhead after soaping
  • Started first coating of #1 Composition
  • Finished second coating of #2 Composition
  • Hands blacking down riggings stays of the fore mast
  • Crew tarred on bunker deck
  • Quartermasters employed in varnishing wheel–house
  • Hands varnished skylights, cabin doors and hand rails
  • Cementing inside of #1 Ballast tank and forepeak tank
  • Tar–cemented on #1 Ballast tank top
  • Stopped painting owing to passing shower
  • Scraped splashed paint on deck

D. Cleaning

square up – приводить в порядок

  • Hands (employed in) cleaning crew’s quarter
  • Soaped down bridge front
  • Cleaning up boat and gears
  • Wiping paint work on poop deck
  • Scoured bright work in saloon entrance
  • Cleaning all stores belonging to the deck department
  • Cleaned cargo hold after discharging coal, using saw dust
  • Cleaned under bridge, using acetic acid to remove the smell of salted hides
  • Hands cleaning up limbers in ## 1,2 and 3 Cargo Holds
  • Polished brass work on bridge
  • Soda washing bright work of chart room and soap washing officer’s quarter
  • Removed paint splashes on hatch

E. Repairing

  • Repaired signal flag
  • Caulking bridge deck
  • Overhauling sounding machine and greasing sounding wire
  • Straightening stanchions and repairing variously
  • Faired bent rail stanchions in place
  • Renewed port main rail on poop deck
  • Partly renewing bottom ceiling in #2 Hold
  • Refitted broken port glass in wireless room
  • Hands employed in oiling all fair–leaders on board
  • Engaged in overhauling and oiling all cargo gears
  • Employed repairing boat covers

F. Making and fitting

  • Hands employed in making fenders for life boats
  • Make #2 Hatch tarpaulins
  • Fitted up hawse plugs and vegetable locker
  • Carpenter fitted molding underneath upper bridge with assistance of two sailors
  • Quartermasters fitting relieving tackle
  • Fitting cargo batten in #1 Hold
  • Setting up rigging ratlines of foremast
  • Eased pipe at #2 Hold
  • Engaged in pointing the rope’s ends

G. Preparation for Cargo work

1.All derricks in place and ready to discharge cargo

  • Hoisted up all cargo derricks for cargo work
  • Rigged and got up derricks
  • Sent down derricks an unrigged
  • Battened down hatches and lashed gears around decks
  • Lashing all deck cargo and movables on decks
  • Covered up and lashed dangerous cargo on fore deck
  • Set up hatch tents o all hatches
  • Lifted all derricks booms up in preparation for loading cargo
  • Crew rigged heavy derrick and opened hatch covers

H. Quartermaster’s duty

quartermaster – старший рулевой

  • Anchor watch was kept by quartermaster
  • Kept double anchor watch by quartermaster and sailor
  • Quartermaster kept watch strictly
  • Quartermaster kept gangway watch
  • Quartermaster employed in various jobs
  • Regulation lights kept burning brightly. Round made, all’s well
  • Quartermaster cut off two links from starboard steering chain and one link from port in order to make them short
  • Quartermaster overhauling patent log and repairing flags
  • Quartermaster employed in cleaning sounding machine and oiling sounding wire
  • Quartermaster polished brass works on bridge
  • Quartermaster employed in filling up liquid and pushing pump of telemotor for one hour under second officer’s care
  • Carpentry
  • Carpenter made gratings for bunker hatch
  • Carpenter caulked bridge deck
  • Carpenter employed in caulking boat deck
  • Carpenter caulking poop and forecastle decks
  • Carpenter battening hatches down and repairing main rail on poop deck
  • Carpenter faired bent rail stanchions in place and repaired flag poles
  • Carpenter employed in repairing side sparings #3 Hold
  • Carpenter repairing and renewing hatch boards
  • Carpenter found #3 ballast tank unusual and reported at once to Officer in duty
  • Carpenter inspected bilge ways and tank top of forepeak
  • Carpenter found leakage through crack of scupper pipe in #2 tweendeck
  • Carpenter reported to Chief Officer that smell of fire was coming up from ventilator of reserve bunker
  • Carpenter supervised dock hands (carpenters and caulkers’) work
  • Carpenter refitted (or replaced, renewed) broken skylight glass in Engine Room
  • Renewed the hinged door of lazaretto
  • Carpenter employed cleaning and clearing the soil pipe in officer’s WC
  • Carpenter caulked and pitched poop deck and replaced some decayed dowels by new ones



  • Start and Knock off cargo work
  • Stop and Resume Cargo work
  • Laborers boarded and commenced loading cargo at all hatches
  • Continued cargo work through the night
  • Finished discharging cargo from ##1 and 2 hatches
  • All completed (finished) cargo work for the port
  • Shifted cargo from #1 Hatch to #3 Hatch
  • Trimmed at #2 Hatch
  • Stevedores left her
  • Completed all cargo work and closed all hatches
  • Finished loading cargo at #3 Hold and all cargo work aboard
  • Lowered al derricks booms and battened all hatches down
  • Finished cargo work, unrigged cargo work on after end
  • Completed discharging cargo and started loading at all hatches
  • Commenced discharging cotton at all hatches, keeping down – below men in each hold, taking precaution against fire especially
  • Stopped cargo work for the day
  • Stopped loading cargo owing to heavy rain
  • Lighters being unable to get alongside on account of high seas, stopped cargo work
  • Stopped discharging cargo owing to winch trouble
  • Stopped unloading for lack of barges
  • Worked at cargo loading on and off owing to passing shower
  • Resumed cargo work at #4 Hatch
  • Stopped cargo work for meal
  • Stopped cargo work and closed hatch covers owing to passing squall
  • Set up hatch tents on all hatches and waited rain clear up
  • Tally and Survey.
  • Kept officer’s tally for the goods to be stowed in silk room
  • Ship officers kept double tally with tallymen
  • Received 50 cases of valuable goods and stowed in silk room with special care
  • Marine surveyor, Mr. Brown, boarded and inspected stowage of cotton
  • Lloyd’s Surveyor, Captain Arnold, inspected ## 1,2,3,4 and 5 Hatches and found them in good condition
  • Shipped special cargoes into the locker, kept officers tally for them
  • In the presence of officer, loaded mail bags into mail room, locked after surveyors inspection
  • Employed eight tallymen and kept double tally at each hatch
  • ## 2 and 3 port side cargo oil tanks passed by Surveyor as clear and ready for loading coconut oil


1.Weather became threatening. Called all hands on deck and prepared for rough weather

  • Fresh breeze sprung up. Called all hands on deck to cover up hatches and ventilators and battened down hatch
  • All hands on deck and secured the movables on decks
  • Raised accommodation ladder and then swung in life boat to secure them
  • Doubled up fore and aft lines.
  • Took preventer hawser
  • Set officer’s anchor watch
  • Kept anchor watch strictly against heavy seas and all well
  • Especially attended to anchor bearings and regulation lights
  • Placed engine at short notice, preparing for dragging anchor
  • Put engine slow speed ahead, lest anchor should come home
  • Used engine variously as dragging anchor was possible
  • Veered out port cable to 7 shackles
  • Let go starboard anchor to check swing and payed out 1 shackle of chain cable

FPT – fore peak tank

APT – after peak tank

FWT – fresh water tank

FOT – fuel oil tank

BFWT – boiler feed water tank

fill up tank with fresh water

  • Took in fuel oil in #1 FOT
  • Commenced fueling in #2 FOT
  • Finished fueling (Finished supply of fuel oil), received 60 tons of diesel oil
  • Started bunkering of bunker
  • Finished bunkering and secured coaling port
  • Loaded 90 tons of bunker coal
  • Took 20 tons of fresh water in FPT
  • Supplied (Replenished) with fresh water, 30 tons in APT and 50 tons in #2 FWT
  • Filled up deep tank with sea water for ballast
  • Filled up #3 ballast tank with fresh water for feed boiler water
  • Shipped ship’ stores
  • Received provisions notices (food stuff)

ship (take in) mail

drop (deliver, land) mail

  • Received 135 bags of mail for Europe
  • Shipped 70 bags of mail for various ports
  • Handed over 60 bags of mail matter to post office
  • Delivered 60 bags of mail to post office
  • Landed 30 bags of mail for the port
  • Hoisted (Field) mail flag
  • Lowered (Let down) mail flag
  • Sailor, Guildong Hong joined ship today
  • Sailor, Guildong Hong disembarked on sick leave
  • Two sailors left ship on paid leave
  • E.Kim, chief officer, joined ship in place of T.Park, ex–chief officer
  • Ex–second officer, S.Kong relieved by W.Kim, new second officer
  • Newly appointed third officer, Tom Cat, took charge
  • Apprentice officer, Mr. Dipon, promoted to acting third officer
  • Quartermaster, L., was granted holidays with pay and disembarked at BUSAN
  • Five passengers disembarked at BUSAN
  • Two passengers from San Francisco left ship and three passengers for Hong Kong took ship
  • Discharged sailor, Bill Park, being arrested by water police on the suspicion of smuggling
  • Drunken sailor, K., came to blow with fireman, H., and injured him. Sent them police station ashore and discharged
  • Shore leave: granted crew duty off.
  • Shore party rejoined ship
  • Finished preparation for fumigation. All crew except watch keepers left her
  • Fumigation officer boarded and inspected her
  • Started fumigation of all parts of ship with hydro–dynamic acid gas
  • Completed fumigation and opened all openings. Fumigation officer left her
  • Opened and ventilated all hatches and quarters
  • Cleaned and disinfected crew’s quarters and their baggages and beddings
  • Fumigated all cargo holds in accordance with quarantine officer’s instruction
  • Sent crew to lazaret on shore for disinfection by harbour rule
  • Disinsected crew and steerage quarters
  • Crew returned ship



A. Docking

  • Dock Master, Mr. Z, and his men (hands) boarded
  • Stationed for entering dry dock
  • Took tug “A–ho” on bow and “B–ho” on port quarter
  • Cast off lines and proceeded to Hamil Dock in charge of dock master under tow of above tugs
  • Arrived at dock entrance and started to haul her into dock, cast off tugs
  • Passed dock gate
  • Ship got her position in #1 Dry Dock with draft: 5,10m fore, 5,60m aft, 5,35m midship with no list
  • Closed dock gate
  • Diver was sent down to ensure that the grooves in the sill of the dock were clear and the caisson was replaced
  • The docking–bobs were rigged and set up and her position was made accurately adjusted
  • Made fast in Z dock
  • Started pumping out dock water
  • Ship took (got) keel blocks
  • Started shoring up. Commenced to shore up
  • Dock floor dried up
  • Finished shoring. Dock hands commenced washing and cleaning her water line and bottom
  • Ship took the keel blocks and side shores were adjusted
  • Full length of the keel was sewed up, pumping was stopped and the breast shores finally adjusted and set up
  • Pumped out the dock die and erected the bilge and bottom shores required

5.Approaching dock entrance, sent bow lines to shore, let go tugs

  • Undocking
  • Started to flood deck
  • Opened the dock sluices and started flooding dock
  • Ship floated, ship got afloat
  • Lifted off the keel blocks upright with drafts: 7,60m fore, 8,90m aft
  • Dock master Mr. H. and dock sailors boarded
  • Opened dock gate
  • Tug “C–ho” made fast aft. Took the tug “C–ho” on her aft
  • Let go shorelines and commenced undocking. (Commenced to haul her out)
  • Cleared dock gate
  • Took other tug “D–ho” on bow and proceeded to her berth
  • Gays were cast off and she was towed to her berth under the charge of the dock master
  • Moored her to A buoy being towed by the tug boat
  • Let go tugs and dock master left her

  • Scrubbed and scraped her bottom
  • Chipped rusty, parts of water line
  • Applied sand blasting to the fore part of her bottom platings
  • Caulked leaky seams and revets on her shell
  • Renewed 680 defective rivets on her outside shell
  • Heated 2 dents on outside plate B–16 and made them fair
  • Renewed leaky rivets and the liner plates on her shell platings at fore peak starboard side
  • Drilled 20 test holes on her bottom and welded them up after survey
  • Renewed 6 sheets of zinc plate on her stern frame and rudder
  • All officers inspected ship’s bottom and found OK
  • Inspected ship’s hull, bottom and propeller and found following damages to propeller blades:
  • Noted protest against the damages found to propeller blades before Chief of Busan Maritime Authority
  • Screwed of bottom plugs of all double bottom tanks except fuel oil tank
  • Took off bottom plugs of F.P.T., A.P.T. and ## 1, 2 and 3 B.Ts
  • Plugged bottom of all tanks, applying thick cement under second officer’s care
  • A.B. surveyor, Mr. J.Kennedy boarded and inspected rudder, anchor cable and found them in good condition
  • K.R. surveyor, Mr. Kim came on board, inspected ship’s bottom and found outside plating dented and propeller blade bent
  • Inspected equipment of life boats and found them in good condition
  • Overhauled boat davit’s and greased and replaced in good order
  • Repaired boat chocks of #1 Life Boat and renewed slip hooks of gripes
  • Changed CO2 gas cylinders of inflatable life raft
  • Received 20 row locks and 10 oars for life boat
  • Dock hands boarded and commenced work as follows:…
  • Dock hands stopped work and left ship
  • Dock hands worked as follows:

“B” – 40mm scratched –процарапано

“C” – 50mm cracked –треснуто

“D” – 20mm bent –поведено

  • Cleaning ship’s bottom, scraping and chipping rusty parts thoroughly
  • Cleaning limbers and applying wash–cement after cleaning
  • Ranging out cables on the dock floor for inspection
  • Dock hands employed in running repair as per docking indent


  • FIRE
  • Starboard cable parted at 4th shackle
  • Let go port anchor immediately and veered cable to 4 shackles
  • Lowered boat and searched the lost cable by dragging boat anchor
  • Stopped (Gave up) searching for the lost cable
  • Found and picked up the above cable
  • While paying out port cable, the joining shackle of the 1st length of chain cable parted
  • Cast anchor buoy to indicate the spot of the lost anchor and chain
  • Found that the starboard anchor was fouled with something in the water and we could not weigh it
  • Hove up anchor and found the anchor bent at its fluke
  • Steering engine went wrong, stopped engine and repaired it
  • Steering engine recovered and put engine full ahead
  • Electric steering gear being disabled, changed to hand gear
  • Steering restored to former state
  • On account of sudden trouble with steering engine, ran against a fishing boat
  • Found trouble in steering engine
  • Found something wrong in steering engine
  • Stopped engine to repair steering engine
  • Stopped engine for repairing steering engine

1.The mooring rope fouled the propeller

  • Anchored temporarily on account of the accident to the propeller
  • A diver came on board and commenced to clear the foul
  • Completed work to clear the foul from the mooring rope
  • Had a diver remove the fouled rope and examine the propeller
  • He reported that propeller had sustained no damage
  • The propeller got fouled with the chain of the mooring buoy

fire was put out, fire was ought under control

fire threatens to spread

fire spending itself

  • Fire broke out in #5 hold
  • Stationed all hands for fire fighting
  • The origin of the fire located at starboard side of after part in #5 hold
  • Immediately commenced pouring water
  • Started fire–extinguishing apparatus and fought the fire
  • The fire extinguished. The fire put out
  • The cause of the fire and the extent of damage are still unknown
  • Discovered smoke coming out of #3 hold
  • Located the seat of the fire at port side fore part of #3 tweendeck, by feeling the heat of deck plating at the part
  • Started sending steam and sea water into the space
  • Flooded the said hold with water
  • Opened the hatch to extinguish the fire by pouring of water
  • Some bales of hemp stowed in tweendeck starboard side of the hold caught fire
  • Nearly all hemp bales in tweendeck might be damaged by pouring sea water
  • Hull structure seemed to sustain very little damage
  • Found fire in #5 hold by the alarm of fire detector
  • Made one of sailors with air line mask and life line enter into the hold to find out the origin of the fire, but could not find it because of volumes of smoke
  • All ventilators and all kinds of opening installed at #5 hold, closed and covered
  • Reported the fire to the port authority without loss of time and requested their prompt cooperation in the fire–fighting. At the same time sounded 5 prolonged blasts of fire warning repeatedly
  • Fire brigade came to ship and joined with our fire–fighting operation
  • Fire–boat came alongside and hosed water
  • Dismissed station for fighting fire except night watchman

cargo tumbledown – развалившийся, полуразрушенный

cargo slackened – ослаблен

  • Shipped heavy seas over port quarter, which caused damages of smashing ## 1 and 3 life boats
  • Heavy gale and tremendous sea. Ship labouring and tossing heavily and shipping dangerous seas on fore and aft decks. It caused damage of carrying away vegetable box on poop deck, smashing sky–light glass and tearing away ventilator on forecastle deck
  • Ship toiling and straining violently in tumbling sea. Tremendous seas rushed in a roar on deck and crushed winch on #3 hatch port side
  • Five drums on deck at #5 hatch starboard side became slack by tremendous seas. A/Co to <130> for securing them and put engine revolution up to 100
  • Some damages to the stowed cargo might be expected on account of violent straining of ship and continuous flooding o decks during storm
  • Commenced applying preventers to lashing of deck cargo
  • Worked for preventing fishing gears from being washed away

carelessly – небрежно, беспечно

through carelessness of …

  • While discharging cargo from #2 hatch, one of cargo hook caught on wooden hand rail, breaking the same about 3 feet
  • Part of wooden hand rail (material teak, length about 11’ – 6), and its stanchion abreast of # 3 hatch starboard side, were broken through the fault of the stevedore’s hand during loading operation
  • While discharging cargo from # 3 hatch, on cowl head ventilator was damaged to such an extent that it became completely useless, by a swing blow of one sling of slab tins
  • While coming alongside of our ship, the stevedore’s launch “Hong–ho” knocked heavily our accommodation ladder, causing a big crack to the main piece
  • While hands taking off hatch cover at # 1 hatch, one of shifting beams dropped into lower hold and dented tank top plate about 3 inches square by ½ inch deep, penetrating bottom board
  • While hands were getting cargo gear ready for loading at # 4 hatch, a topping lift wire was carelessly let go, with the result that part derrick boom fell down on deck and was broken in two
  • The derrick guy parting under undue strain owing to the mishandling of winchman, the derrick boom at # 3 hatch port side swung to starboard and came in violent contact with mast and was snapped off
  • During loading operation, one case of cotton goods slipped over board out of sling through the carelessness of stevedores. Picked it up at once but sent it back ashore owing to wet damage by sea water
  • Mike Rhee, sailor, his left leg being fractured at # 3 lower hold, was sent ashore at once
  • Sailor, Mike Rhee, accidentally fell into # 4 lower hold from tweendeck, while engaged in opening hatch cover
  • A labourer engaged in discharging cargo at # 1 hatch, wounded with hand hook, our sailor, Mike Rhee, who was on duty as winchman
  • While taking in longer lines, Mike Rhee, sailor, got his fore finger cut off, being caught in line hauler
  • While setting net, Hakdo Byeon, apprentice officer, got his leg tripped up by net and was thrown overboard
  • Received the radio distress signal from ship in Lat 29°31¢N Long 37°21¢E
  • Observed a distress (signal by) rocket bearing < 130>, about 30’ distant from us
  • Altered her course to <325> and proceeded to the assistance of the said ship
  • As another ship nearer to the distressed ship informed us that we had no need to come to her assistance, resumed our course
  • Called all hands on deck to stand by life boat for lowering
  • Approaching the said ship, commenced rescue work for the way crew
  • Completed saving and carrying out all crew and important articles (matters) and resumed our voyage
  • Observed a fisher–man swimming right ahead and calling for our help
  • Succeeded in picking him up on deck safely with a life line and buoy
  • Handed over the fisher–man to the water–police


  • HOLIDAYS, etc.
  • Being Sunday, no work today
  • Being Sunday, kept holiday on board
  • Being Saturday, kept half holiday today
  • Dressed ship in full in honour (celebration) of independence Day
  • Dressed ship for constitution Day
  • Dressed her with masthead flags for constitution Day
  • Mustered all hands on deck and celebrated New Year’s Day
  • Being New Year’s Day, celebration ceremony was held
  • Mustered all hands on the poop deck in black uniform and honoured New Year’s Day
  • Opened to the public, kept no work aboard
  • Flags at half mast in mourning for the death of the President
  • Hoisted flags at half mast in condolence of the President’s death
  • Kept no work on board owing to the Neptune’s revel
  • Hands enjoyed holiday for passing the line
  • All hands enjoyed Meridian Day

Found the disease of Mr. A …

Died of …

Buried at sea, committed the body to the deep (to commit – предавать чему–либо)

  • Found the disease or steward, Banny Kim, typhus and isolated the patient into ship’s hospital
  • Hakado Byen, sailor, had appendicitis
  • Altered course to 160 and proceeded to m Manila, for purpose of sending the above patient to shore hospital
  • Mr. Chadol Bae, fireman, died of heart failure
  • Stopped engine and buried the corpse at sea in Lat 29°31¢N Long 37°21¢E. Blowing a long blast meanwhile
  • Coroner boarded and examined the body

6.Hoisted flag at half mast in mourning for his death

  • Commander’s inspection (was) held
  • Captain inspected all over the ship
  • Chief Officer inspected stores and found OK
  • Found a stowaway (in rice store) and reported this to head office by radio
  • Found a stowaway in boatswain’s store and chief officer examined him
  • Search for stowaways and contraband goods carried out by Chief Officer and nothing found
  • Rounds made, all well
  • Regulation lights strictly attended to
  • Regulation lights burning well brightly
  • Inspected and tested the cargo winches, the derrick booms and all other cargo gears for safety
  • Inspected gangway and mooring lines and found in good order and condition
  • Rounds of inspection made, lines and gangway tended all well about ship
  • Kept gangway which strictly
  • Opened fore and aft end hatch boards of all hatches for ventilation
  • Closed and battened down all hatches
  • Started mechanical ventilation in ## 2 and 3 hatches
  • Stopped mechanical ventilation for the day
  • Started working of cargo – care in ## 2, 3 and 5 hatches
  • Stopped working of cargo – care
  • Carried out gas detections (Tested gas) in #5 hatch and found well
  • Found bilge in #2 hatch increasing and examined its cause carefully. Pumped out bilge
  • Tested bilge pumps and inspected them to prevent deterioration from rust, damp or other causes
  • Noted protest before Chief of Chunghu Branch of Masan Maritime Bureau against collision with m/v “ Victoria”
  • Noted protest before Chief of “X” Maritime Bureau against the damage to shell plating and propeller found in Z Dock
  • Noted protest against the bottom touch at the entrance of “X” harbour
  • Noted protest against the contact with m/v “Star” at Pohang
  • Noted protest against the damage to her stern by slightly touching pier at Mokpo
  • Noted protest against the shock felt enroute from Busan to Samoa
  • Found Make Kim, sailor, deserted from ship
  • Sam Jo, oiler, went ashore and failed to return until ship sailed
  • Sam Jo, sailor, escaped during his night watch

2.Just before ship’s leaving, wiper, Iham Park by name, deserted from the ship

5.Third class passenger Mrs. Sarah Brown gave birth safely to a baby girl in Lat 29°31¢N Long 37°21¢E

1.Entering 12 miles zone:

“ Latitude and Longitude ordered to 3rd engineer K.Sunscott to complete discharging bilge water and sewage, store into the holding tanks and seal outlet valves in “shut” position”

  • Leaving 12 miles zone:
  • Everywhere including port area:

“ Latitude and Longitude. Began discharging sewage”

“ Latitude and Longitude. Began discharging bilge water through oily–water separating system”

“ begun pumping out segregated ballast sea water from B.W.T. #1 (or ## 2, 3; F.P.T., A.P.T., etc.)

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